Though they live next to Tanzania’s largest national park, residents in the villages surrounding Ruaha National Park see no benefits from the presence of wildlife, particularly carnivores.
In the remote protected areas of Central Africa, danger has a name: Lord’s Resistance Army, Janjaweed, Séléka, take your pick. “When we started working in Cameroon’s Faro National Park, we lost four village guards almost immediately due to conflict,” recalls Jef Dupain, African Wildlife Foundation’s (AWF’s) technical director for West and Central Africa.
A s part of the Serengeti–Mara ecosystem, the Naboisho area in southern Kenya sees tens of thousands of wildebeest and zebra pass through the landscape each year. But the area began experiencing pressure from uncontrolled development and overgrazing. With the assistance of a few operators, among them ecotourism operator Asilia, the Maasai landowners in Naboisho formed a conservancy in 2010— eventually transforming a degraded landscape into a prime tourism destination.
Grace Kipwola is solely responsible for supporting her six kids, including paying school fees for two in secondary school. But elephants made it difficult for the Ugandan farmer to earn a steady income.
Despite being home to one of the largest elephant populations in Africa, the Lower Zambezi ecosystem had not been experiencing significant elephant poaching.