East Africa | African Wildlife Foundation

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Picturesque East Africa is home to Africa’s tallest landmarks

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East Africa


  • Quick Facts:


    682,960,700 hectare (2,636,920 sq. mi.)

  • Key Landmarks

    1. Victoria Falls
    2. Mt. Kilimanjaro
    3. Lake Tanganyika
    4. Lake Kivu
    5. Impenetrable Forests at Bwindi National Park
  • Animals

    Mountain gorilla, elephant, hippopotamus, antelope, lion, giraffe, leopard, zebra, black rhinoceros, wild dog

  • Primary Ecosystems

    Savanna, montane, tropical and subtropical forest

    Tags: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Kilimanjaro, Maasai Steppe, Mau Forest Complex, Ruaha, Samburu

  • Grevy Zebra Ron Geatz
  • Grevy Zebra Paul Thomson
  • Grevy Zebra Craig R. Sholley
  • Ewaso Lions Ewaso Lions
  • Ewaso Lions Ewaso Lions
  • Ewaso Lions Ewaso Lions
  • Ewaso Lions Ewaso Lions
  • Starbucks Conservation Coffee John Butler
  • Starbucks Conservation Coffee Paul Thomson
  • East Africa consists of 10 countries:

    Tanzania, Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia, South Sudan, and Sudan.

  • Stunning and picturesque

    East Africa is home to Africa’s tallest peaks, Mt. Kilimanjaro and Mt. Kenya. Lake Victoria, the second largest freshwater lake in the world, and Lake Tanganyika, the second deepest lake in the world, are both found here as well.

  • The unique geography here has helped make the land good for farming.

    The excellent weather—with moderate temperatures hovering around 25°C/77°F—has helped tourism thrive and play a major role in certain economies. In parts of East Africa, high altitude and a dry climate can mean going many years without any rain. But, toward the south and west, rainfall can be as much as 63 inches.


As population increases, so does deforestation and conflict with wildlife.

The majority of the population in East Africa relies on subsistence agriculture, growing just enough food to feed their families. Unfortunately, a booming population has led to deforestation, as communities live off the land to survive. Whether they exploit the forests for timber or cut trees for fuel, the deforestation rate is increasing at an alarming pace.

Habitat loss isn’t the only threat to wildlife. Human population growth and infrastructure development has led to human encroachment on historical wildlife areas, leading to human-wildlife conflict. Wildlife populations have diminished over the years in some parts of East Africa because of this very issue.


Will you show East Africa your support?

African Wildlife Foundation is making a real difference in East Africa. Our efforts include training rangers to protect the endangered mountain gorilla from poachers, enterprise building projects that help communities sustain their livelihoods, and more. Donate for a cause that will help people, land, and wildlife conservation across East Africa.

  • Ewaso Lions
    Monitoring lions while raising community awareness

    Kenya’s lions could be extinct in the next two decades.

    Habitat loss and conflict with humans are the prime culprits of the drastic reduction in lion populations...

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    All Projects

  • Esilalei Women’s Cultural Boma
    Empowering women while encouraging conservation

    Poverty and conservation both are issues in Tanzania. 

    Tanzania, like many parts of Africa, still struggles with poverty and issues of economic empowerment. Women...

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    All Projects

  • Nasaruni Savings and Credit Cooperative
    Lending and saving in Kenya.

    Access to financial credit remains a roadblock to economic opportunities. 

    Pastoralist communities in East Africa rely heavily on livestock as a means to accumulate...

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    All Projects

  • Starbucks Conservation Coffee
    Combatting deforestation and improving livelihoods

    Kenyan farmers needed a more profitable and sustainable crop.

    Arguably, the best-quality Arabica coffee on earth grows in East Africa’s volcanic soils—coffee so good...

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    All Projects

  • Kolo Hills REDD+
    Food security in the face of climate change in Central Tanzania

    Drastic measures must be taken to mitigate climate change in Africa. 

    In Africa, achieving long-term conservation requires the often-competing demands of wildlife...

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    All Projects

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