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Congo

Picturesque East Africa is home to Africa’s tallest landmarks

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East Africa

Land

  • Quick Facts:

    Area

    682,960,700 hectare (2,636,920 sq. mi.)

  • Key Landmarks

    1. Victoria Falls
    2. Mt. Kilimanjaro
    3. Lake Tanganyika
    4. Lake Kivu
    5. Impenetrable Forests at Bwindi National Park
  • Animals

    Mountain gorilla, elephant, hippopotamus, antelope, lion, giraffe, leopard, zebra, black rhinoceros, wild dog

  • Primary Ecosystems

    Savanna, montane, tropical and subtropical forest

    Tags: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Kilimanjaro, Maasai Steppe, Mau Forest Complex, Ruaha, Samburu

Gallery
  • Grevy Zebra Ron Geatz
  • Grevy Zebra Paul Thomson
  • Grevy Zebra Craig R. Sholley
  • Ewaso Lions Ewaso Lions
  • Ewaso Lions Ewaso Lions
  • Ewaso Lions Ewaso Lions
  • Ewaso Lions Ewaso Lions
  • Starbucks Conservation Coffee John Butler
  • Starbucks Conservation Coffee Paul Thomson
  • Starbucks Conservation Coffee Paul Thomson
  • Starbucks Conservation Coffee Paul Thomson
  • Ngulia Rhino Sanctuary AWF
  • Ngulia rhino Sanctuary Mark Boulton
  • Ngulia Rhino Sanctuary Mark Boulton
  • Ngulia Rhino Sanctuary Teeku Patel
  • Ol Lentille Lodge Paul Joynson-Hicks
  • Ol Lentille Lodge Paul Joynson-Hicks
  • Ol Lentille Lodge Paul Joynson-Hicks
  • Ol Lentille Lodge Paul Joynson-Hicks
  • Manyara Ranch Primary School  Craig R Sholley
  • Manyara Ranch Primary School Billy Dodson
  • Manyara Ranch Primary School Craig R Sholley
  • Manyara Ranch Primary School Billy Dodson
  • Satao Elerai Lodge Philip Muruthi
  • Satao Elerai Lodge Philip Muruthi
  • Satao Elerai Lodge Philip Muruthi
  • Satao Elerai Lodge Charles Grieves-Cook
  • Grevy's Zebra Protection Paul Muoria
  • Grevy's Zebra Protection Paul Muoria
  • Grevy's Zebra Protection Paul Muoria
  • Grevy's Zebra Protection Paul Muoria
  • Mau Forestation AWF
  • Mau Forestation AWF
  • Mau Forestation
  • Mau Forestation Peter Chira
  • Rungwe Avocado Company Caroline Schmidt
  • Rungwe Avocado Company Caroline Schmidt
  • Rungwe Avocado Company Caroline Schmidt
  • Kitengela Land Conservation
  • Kitengela Land Conservation Mayu Mishina
  • Kitengela Land Conservation
  • Kitengela Land Conservation Kathleen Fitzgerald
  • Canine Detection Unit Amy Barriale
  • Canine Detection Unit Billy Dodson
  • Canine Detection Unit Amy Barriale
  • The Kuku Project Paul Thomson
  • The Kuku Project Paul Thomson
  • The Kuku Project Paul Thomson
  • The Kuku Project Paul Thomson
  • Esilalei Women's Cultural Boma Amy Rizzotto
  • Esilalei Women's Cultural Boma Mohamed Hashim
  • Esilalei Women's Cultural Boma Mohamed Hashim
  • Esilalei Women's Cultural Boma Mohamed Hashim
  • Kolo Hiills Andrea Athanas
  • Kolo Hiills Andrea Athanas
  • Kolo Hiills Andrea Athanas
  • Kolo Hiills Andrea Athanas
  • Amboseli Chullya Corridor Billy Dodson
  • Amboseli Chullya Corridor Billy Dodson
  • Amboseli Chullya Corridor Billy Dodson
  • Amboseli Chullya Corridor Billy Dodson
  • African Wild Dog Scouts James Weis
  • African Wild Dog Scouts Paul Thomson
  • African Wild Dog Scouts Paul Thomson
  • African Wild Dog Scouts Ian Guthrie
  • Maasa Steppe Predator Proof Boma Mayu Mishina
  • Maasa Steppe Predator Proof Boma Christina Van Winkle
  • Maasa Steppe Predator Proof Boma Christina Van Winkle
  • Maasa Steppe Predator Proof Boma AWF
  • Maasai Olympics Maasailand Preservation Trust/Big Life Foundation
  • Maasai Olympics Maasailand Preservation Trust/Big Life Foundation
  • Maasai Olympics Maasailand Preservation Trust/Big Life Foundation
  • Maasai Olympics Maasailand Preservation Trust/Big Life Foundation
  • Kenya AWF
  • Kenya AWF
  • Kenya AWF
  • Tanzania Craig R. Sholley
  • Tanzania Erin Mudd and Micah
  • Tanzania Billy Dodson
  • Tanzania Craig R. Sholley
  • Uganda Philip Muruthi
  • Uganda AWF
  • Uganda Kathleen Fitzgerald
  • Uganda AWF
  • Maasai Steppe Craig R. Sholley
  • Maasai Steppe Billy Dodson
  • Maasai Steppe Craig R. Sholley
  • Maasai Steppe Craig R. Sholley
  • Mau Peter chira
  • Mau Peter Chira
  • Mau Peter Chira
  • Samburu Peter Chira
  • Samburu Teeku Patel
  • Samburu Kathleen Fitzgerald
  • Samburu AWF
  • Kilimanjaro Billy Dodson
  • Kilimanjaro Philip Muruthi
  • Kilimanjaro Amy Barriale
  • Kilimanjaro Daryl and Sharna Balfour
  • Southern Tanzania caroline Schmidt
  • Southern Tanzania Caroline Schmidt
  • Southern Tanzania Erin Mudd and Micah Allen
Overview
  • East Africa consists of 10 countries:

    Tanzania, Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia, South Sudan, and Sudan.

  • Stunning and picturesque

    East Africa is home to Africa’s tallest peaks, Mt. Kilimanjaro and Mt. Kenya. Lake Victoria, the second largest freshwater lake in the world, and Lake Tanganyika, the second deepest lake in the world, are both found here as well.

  • The unique geography here has helped make the land good for farming.

    The excellent weather—with moderate temperatures hovering around 25°C/77°F—has helped tourism thrive and play a major role in certain economies. In parts of East Africa, high altitude and a dry climate can mean going many years without any rain. But, toward the south and west, rainfall can be as much as 63 inches.

Challenges

As population increases, so does deforestation and conflict with wildlife.

The majority of the population in East Africa relies on subsistence agriculture, growing just enough food to feed their families. Unfortunately, a booming population has led to deforestation, as communities live off the land to survive. Whether they exploit the forests for timber or cut trees for fuel, the deforestation rate is increasing at an alarming pace.

Habitat loss isn’t the only threat to wildlife. Human population growth and infrastructure development has led to human encroachment on historical wildlife areas, leading to human-wildlife conflict. Wildlife populations have diminished over the years in some parts of East Africa because of this very issue.

Projects

Will you show East Africa your support?

African Wildlife Foundation is making a real difference in East Africa. Our efforts include training rangers to protect the endangered mountain gorilla from poachers, enterprise building projects that help communities sustain their livelihoods, and more. Donate for a cause that will help people, land, and wildlife conservation across East Africa.

  • Canine Detection Unit
    Sniffing out illegal wildlife trafficking in Kenya and beyond

    Poaching epidemic threatens elephants and rhinos.

    Illegal poaching in Africa is at an all-time high, with elephants and rhinoceros the most popular targets for well-...

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  • Ol Pejeta Conservancy
    Livestock management and conservation in Kenya.

    Kenya’s herds are creating hurdles.

    Boasting a scenic landscape and extensive wildlife, northern Kenya supports a critical population of wild dogs, the second-largest...

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  • Rungwe Avocado Company
    Environmentally sustainable agriculture in Tanzania

    The southern highlands of Tanzania are an invaluable ecosystem—but may also prove fertile grounds for agriculture.

    This region features the largest and most important...

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    All Projects

  • Jiko Stove Shop
    Environmental and economic changes in Kenya.

    In rural Kenya, 80% of the population relies on charcoal or firewood for cooking. 

    This use of unsustainable fuels has serious environmental implications as large...

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    All Projects

  • Manyara Ranch IT Lab
    Connecting local communities to the World Wide Web

    Information accessibility is low in rural communities.

    Though computers may be a part of everyday life for many students in Western countries, computers—and the...

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    All Projects

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