East Africa | African Wildlife Foundation

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Congo

Picturesque East Africa is home to Africa’s tallest landmarks

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East Africa

Land

  • Quick Facts:

    Area

    682,960,700 hectare (2,636,920 sq. mi.)

  • Key Landmarks

    1. Victoria Falls
    2. Mt. Kilimanjaro
    3. Lake Tanganyika
    4. Lake Kivu
    5. Impenetrable Forests at Bwindi National Park
  • Animals

    Mountain gorilla, elephant, hippopotamus, antelope, lion, giraffe, leopard, zebra, black rhinoceros, wild dog

  • Primary Ecosystems

    Savanna, montane, tropical and subtropical forest

    Tags: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Kilimanjaro, Maasai Steppe, Mau Forest Complex, Ruaha, Samburu

Gallery
  • black rhino

    Black rhino. Photo credit: Jenloh

    Black rhino. Photo credit: Jenloh

  • Grevy Zebra Ron Geatz
  • Grevy Zebra Paul Thomson
  • Grevy Zebra Craig R. Sholley
  • Ewaso Lions Ewaso Lions
  • Ewaso Lions Ewaso Lions
  • Ewaso Lions Ewaso Lions
  • Ewaso Lions Ewaso Lions
  • Starbucks Conservation Coffee John Butler
Overview
  • East Africa consists of 10 countries:

    Tanzania, Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia, South Sudan, and Sudan.

  • Stunning and picturesque

    East Africa is home to Africa’s tallest peaks, Mt. Kilimanjaro and Mt. Kenya. Lake Victoria, the second largest freshwater lake in the world, and Lake Tanganyika, the second deepest lake in the world, are both found here as well.

  • The unique geography here has helped make the land good for farming.

    The excellent weather—with moderate temperatures hovering around 25°C/77°F—has helped tourism thrive and play a major role in certain economies. In parts of East Africa, high altitude and a dry climate can mean going many years without any rain. But, toward the south and west, rainfall can be as much as 63 inches.

Challenges

As population increases, so does deforestation and conflict with wildlife.

The majority of the population in East Africa relies on subsistence agriculture, growing just enough food to feed their families. Unfortunately, a booming population has led to deforestation, as communities live off the land to survive. Whether they exploit the forests for timber or cut trees for fuel, the deforestation rate is increasing at an alarming pace.

Habitat loss isn’t the only threat to wildlife. Human population growth and infrastructure development has led to human encroachment on historical wildlife areas, leading to human-wildlife conflict. Wildlife populations have diminished over the years in some parts of East Africa because of this very issue.

Projects

Will you show East Africa your support?

African Wildlife Foundation is making a real difference in East Africa. Our efforts include training rangers to protect the endangered mountain gorilla from poachers, enterprise building projects that help communities sustain their livelihoods, and more. Donate for a cause that will help people, land, and wildlife conservation across East Africa.

  • Manyara Ranch IT Lab
    Connecting local communities to the World Wide Web

    Information accessibility is low in rural communities.

    Though computers may be a part of everyday life for many students in Western countries, computers—and the...

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  • Wildlife Waterholes in Parc W
    Preserving wildlife amidst a drought

    Short rainy season proves disastrous for local fauna. 

    In Regional Parc W, 80% of the more than 30 water points are completely dry by March or April. The regular dry...

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  • Tawi Lodge
    Social responsibility in Kenya.

    Lands are threatened by sub-division.

    The lands surrounding Amboseli National Park in Kenya are home to elephants, lions, cheetahs, giraffe, and many other African...

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  • Manyara Ranch Primary School
    Rebuilding educational facilities in Tanzania

    The Maasai School was dangerously dilapidated.

    The school formerly located on Manyara Ranch was dilapidated, having seen no physical maintenance or repair in more...

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  • The Kuku Project
    Selling eggs in the Samburu Heartland

    Economic conditions often affect women more harshly. 

    Despite its rapid economic development, many of the communities in Kenya face the same financial and empowerment...

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