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Congo

Picturesque East Africa is home to Africa’s tallest landmarks

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East Africa

Land

  • Quick Facts:

    Area

    682,960,700 hectare (2,636,920 sq. mi.)

  • Key Landmarks

    1. Victoria Falls
    2. Mt. Kilimanjaro
    3. Lake Tanganyika
    4. Lake Kivu
    5. Impenetrable Forests at Bwindi National Park
  • Animals

    Mountain gorilla, elephant, hippopotamus, antelope, lion, giraffe, leopard, zebra, black rhinoceros, wild dog

  • Primary Ecosystems

    Savanna, montane, tropical and subtropical forest

    Tags: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Kilimanjaro, Maasai Steppe, Mau Forest Complex, Ruaha, Samburu

Gallery
  • Grevy Zebra Paul Thomson
  • Grevy Zebra Craig R. Sholley
  • Grevy Zebra Ron Geatz
  • Ewaso Lions Ewaso Lions
  • Ewaso Lions Ewaso Lions
  • Ewaso Lions Ewaso Lions
  • Ewaso Lions Ewaso Lions
  • Starbucks Conservation Coffee John Butler
  • Starbucks Conservation Coffee Paul Thomson
  • Starbucks Conservation Coffee Paul Thomson
  • Starbucks Conservation Coffee Paul Thomson
  • Ngulia Rhino Sanctuary Mark Boulton
  • Ngulia Rhino Sanctuary Teeku Patel
  • Ngulia Rhino Sanctuary AWF
  • Ngulia rhino Sanctuary Mark Boulton
  • Ol Lentille Lodge Paul Joynson-Hicks
  • Ol Lentille Lodge Paul Joynson-Hicks
  • Ol Lentille Lodge Paul Joynson-Hicks
  • Ol Lentille Lodge Paul Joynson-Hicks
  • Manyara Ranch Primary School  Craig R Sholley
  • Manyara Ranch Primary School Billy Dodson
  • Manyara Ranch Primary School Craig R Sholley
  • Manyara Ranch Primary School Billy Dodson
  • Satao Elerai Lodge Philip Muruthi
  • Satao Elerai Lodge Philip Muruthi
  • Satao Elerai Lodge Philip Muruthi
  • Satao Elerai Lodge Charles Grieves-Cook
  • Grevy's Zebra Protection Paul Muoria
  • Grevy's Zebra Protection Paul Muoria
  • Grevy's Zebra Protection Paul Muoria
  • Grevy's Zebra Protection Paul Muoria
  • Mau Forestation
  • Mau Forestation Peter Chira
  • Mau Forestation AWF
  • Mau Forestation AWF
  • Rungwe Avocado Company Caroline Schmidt
  • Rungwe Avocado Company Caroline Schmidt
  • Rungwe Avocado Company Caroline Schmidt
  • Kitengela Land Conservation
  • Kitengela Land Conservation Mayu Mishina
  • Kitengela Land Conservation
  • Kitengela Land Conservation Kathleen Fitzgerald
  • Canine Detection Unit Amy Barriale
  • Canine Detection Unit Billy Dodson
  • Canine Detection Unit Amy Barriale
  • The Kuku Project Paul Thomson
  • The Kuku Project Paul Thomson
  • The Kuku Project Paul Thomson
  • The Kuku Project Paul Thomson
  • Esilalei Women's Cultural Boma Mohamed Hashim
  • Esilalei Women's Cultural Boma Mohamed Hashim
  • Esilalei Women's Cultural Boma Amy Rizzotto
  • Esilalei Women's Cultural Boma Mohamed Hashim
  • Kolo Hiills Andrea Athanas
  • Kolo Hiills Andrea Athanas
  • Kolo Hiills Andrea Athanas
  • Kolo Hiills Andrea Athanas
  • Amboseli Chullya Corridor Billy Dodson
  • Amboseli Chullya Corridor Billy Dodson
  • Amboseli Chullya Corridor Billy Dodson
  • Amboseli Chullya Corridor Billy Dodson
  • African Wild Dog Scouts James Weis
  • African Wild Dog Scouts Paul Thomson
  • African Wild Dog Scouts Paul Thomson
  • African Wild Dog Scouts Ian Guthrie
  • Maasa Steppe Predator Proof Boma Christina Van Winkle
  • Maasa Steppe Predator Proof Boma AWF
  • Maasa Steppe Predator Proof Boma Mayu Mishina
  • Maasa Steppe Predator Proof Boma Christina Van Winkle
  • Maasai Olympics Maasailand Preservation Trust/Big Life Foundation
  • Maasai Olympics Maasailand Preservation Trust/Big Life Foundation
  • Maasai Olympics Maasailand Preservation Trust/Big Life Foundation
  • Maasai Olympics Maasailand Preservation Trust/Big Life Foundation
  • Kenya AWF
  • Kenya AWF
  • Kenya AWF
  • Tanzania Craig R. Sholley
  • Tanzania Erin Mudd and Micah
  • Tanzania Billy Dodson
  • Tanzania Craig R. Sholley
  • Uganda Kathleen Fitzgerald
  • Uganda AWF
  • Uganda Philip Muruthi
  • Uganda AWF
  • Maasai Steppe Craig R. Sholley
  • Maasai Steppe Billy Dodson
  • Maasai Steppe Craig R. Sholley
  • Maasai Steppe Craig R. Sholley
  • Mau Peter chira
  • Mau Peter Chira
  • Mau Peter Chira
  • Samburu Kathleen Fitzgerald
  • Samburu AWF
  • Samburu Peter Chira
  • Samburu Teeku Patel
  • Kilimanjaro Billy Dodson
  • Kilimanjaro Philip Muruthi
  • Kilimanjaro Amy Barriale
  • Kilimanjaro Daryl and Sharna Balfour
  • Southern Tanzania caroline Schmidt
  • Southern Tanzania Caroline Schmidt
  • Southern Tanzania Erin Mudd and Micah Allen
Overview
  • East Africa consists of 10 countries:

    Tanzania, Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia, South Sudan, and Sudan.

  • Stunning and picturesque

    East Africa is home to Africa’s tallest peaks, Mt. Kilimanjaro and Mt. Kenya. Lake Victoria, the second largest freshwater lake in the world, and Lake Tanganyika, the second deepest lake in the world, are both found here as well.

  • The unique geography here has helped make the land good for farming.

    The excellent weather—with moderate temperatures hovering around 25°C/77°F—has helped tourism thrive and play a major role in certain economies. In parts of East Africa, high altitude and a dry climate can mean going many years without any rain. But, toward the south and west, rainfall can be as much as 63 inches.

Challenges

As population increases, so does deforestation and conflict with wildlife.

The majority of the population in East Africa relies on subsistence agriculture, growing just enough food to feed their families. Unfortunately, a booming population has led to deforestation, as communities live off the land to survive. Whether they exploit the forests for timber or cut trees for fuel, the deforestation rate is increasing at an alarming pace.

Habitat loss isn’t the only threat to wildlife. Human population growth and infrastructure development has led to human encroachment on historical wildlife areas, leading to human-wildlife conflict. Wildlife populations have diminished over the years in some parts of East Africa because of this very issue.

Projects

Will you show East Africa your support?

African Wildlife Foundation is making a real difference in East Africa. Our efforts include training rangers to protect the endangered mountain gorilla from poachers, enterprise building projects that help communities sustain their livelihoods, and more. Donate for a cause that will help people, land, and wildlife conservation across East Africa.

  • Tawi Lodge
    Social responsibility in Kenya.

    Lands are threatened by sub-division.

    The lands surrounding Amboseli National Park in Kenya are home to elephants, lions, cheetahs, giraffe, and many other African...

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  • Manyara Ranch Primary School
    Rebuilding educational facilities in Tanzania

    The Maasai School was dangerously dilapidated.

    The school formerly located on Manyara Ranch was dilapidated, having seen no physical maintenance or repair in more...

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  • The Kuku Project
    Selling eggs in the Samburu Heartland

    Economic conditions often affect women more harshly. 

    Despite its rapid economic development, many of the communities in Kenya face the same financial and empowerment...

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    All Projects

  • Manyara Ranch Tented Camp
    Bridging the gap between tourism and conservation

    A failing cattle ranch endangers local wildlife. 

    Originally established as a cattle ranch during Tanzania's colonial period, Manyara Ranch is now a 45,000-acre...

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  • Ewaso Lions
    Monitoring lions while raising community awareness

    Kenya’s lions could be extinct in the next two decades.

    Habitat loss and conflict with humans are the prime culprits of the drastic reduction in lion populations...

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    All Projects

Get Involved

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