East Africa | African Wildlife Foundation

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Congo

Picturesque East Africa is home to Africa’s tallest landmarks

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East Africa

Land

  • Quick Facts:

    Area

    682,960,700 hectare (2,636,920 sq. mi.)

  • Key Landmarks

    1. Victoria Falls
    2. Mt. Kilimanjaro
    3. Lake Tanganyika
    4. Lake Kivu
    5. Impenetrable Forests at Bwindi National Park
  • Animals

    Mountain gorilla, elephant, hippopotamus, antelope, lion, giraffe, leopard, zebra, black rhinoceros, wild dog

  • Primary Ecosystems

    Savanna, montane, tropical and subtropical forest

    Tags: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Kilimanjaro, Maasai Steppe, Mau Forest Complex, Ruaha, Samburu

Gallery
  • Grevy Zebra Ron Geatz
  • Grevy Zebra Paul Thomson
  • Grevy Zebra Craig R. Sholley
  • Ewaso Lions Ewaso Lions
  • Ewaso Lions Ewaso Lions
  • Ewaso Lions Ewaso Lions
  • Ewaso Lions Ewaso Lions
  • Starbucks Conservation Coffee John Butler
  • Starbucks Conservation Coffee Paul Thomson
Overview
  • East Africa consists of 10 countries:

    Tanzania, Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia, South Sudan, and Sudan.

  • Stunning and picturesque

    East Africa is home to Africa’s tallest peaks, Mt. Kilimanjaro and Mt. Kenya. Lake Victoria, the second largest freshwater lake in the world, and Lake Tanganyika, the second deepest lake in the world, are both found here as well.

  • The unique geography here has helped make the land good for farming.

    The excellent weather—with moderate temperatures hovering around 25°C/77°F—has helped tourism thrive and play a major role in certain economies. In parts of East Africa, high altitude and a dry climate can mean going many years without any rain. But, toward the south and west, rainfall can be as much as 63 inches.

Challenges

As population increases, so does deforestation and conflict with wildlife.

The majority of the population in East Africa relies on subsistence agriculture, growing just enough food to feed their families. Unfortunately, a booming population has led to deforestation, as communities live off the land to survive. Whether they exploit the forests for timber or cut trees for fuel, the deforestation rate is increasing at an alarming pace.

Habitat loss isn’t the only threat to wildlife. Human population growth and infrastructure development has led to human encroachment on historical wildlife areas, leading to human-wildlife conflict. Wildlife populations have diminished over the years in some parts of East Africa because of this very issue.

Projects

Will you show East Africa your support?

African Wildlife Foundation is making a real difference in East Africa. Our efforts include training rangers to protect the endangered mountain gorilla from poachers, enterprise building projects that help communities sustain their livelihoods, and more. Donate for a cause that will help people, land, and wildlife conservation across East Africa.

  • Ngulia Rhino Sanctuary
    Protecting black rhinos from poaching

    Black rhinos in danger of extinction.

    The black rhino population in Kenya’s Tsavo ecosystem was estimated at 6,000 to 8,000 in the 1970s. By 1989, there were no more...

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  • Mau Reforestation
    Planting trees in a critical forested ecosystem

    Kenya’s ecological health is in danger.

    The ecological health of the Mau Forest Complex in Kenya’s Rift Valley region is in imminent danger. Deforestation and...

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  • Simien Mountains Cultural Tourism
    Optimizing tourism revenue to support local communities

    Communities need help balancing their needs and the needs of their environment.

    Ethiopia’s highlands are among the most densely populated agricultural areas in Africa. Agriculture is...

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  • Ol Lentille Lodge
    Protecting Kenyan wildlife

    Kenyan wildlife is diverse but threatened.

    Kenya is home to some of Africa’s most diverse ecosystems and identifiable species. Lush savanna landscapes play host to...

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  • Amboseli-Chyulu Wildlife Corridor
    Connecting two invaluable ecosystems

    Amboseli­-Chyulu Corridor is threatened by agricultural expansion.

    The historic wildlife dispersal area and corridor that extends from Amboseli National Park to...

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