Gray countries with texture denote areas of future engagement.


Home to one of the world’s largest wetlands and mammal migrations

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South Sudan


  • Quick Facts:


    61,974,530 hectares (239,285 square miles)

  • Key Landmarks

    1. Sudd Wetland
    2. Nimule National Park
    3. Imatong Mountains
  • Animals

    Elephants, giraffe, buffalo, white-eared kob

  • Primary Ecosystems

    Tropical forests, swamp and grassland 

  • Population


    Tags: East Africa, South Sudan

  • Imatong watershed in South Sudan
  • AWF working in South Sudan
  • South Sudan landscape

Africa’s youngest country is challenged with developing policies to benefit its wildlife and its people.

In spite of two decades of conflict, the Republic of South Sudan boasts an abundance of natural beauty and biodiversity. Established as a country in just 2011, South Sudan is now faced with the need to ensure that it is able to develop successful policies that ensure a bright future for its 12 million people and help protect its magnificent wildlife and landscapes. 


Key natural landscapes and wildlife populations are lacking official protection. 

Even after two decades of civil war, much of South Sudan is still brimming with natural beauty. The country is home to one of the world’s largest wetlands, the Sudd, as well as a large-scale mammal migration that rivals that of the Serengeti.

The Sudd not only supports migratory wildlife, but is also a key source of support for a myriad of livelihoods, including pastoralism, farming and fishing. A proposal to drain this wetland by the Khartoum government was, in fact, one of the reasons that sparked the civil war.

AWF leads the charge to develop and manage critical landscapes.

In fact, as the new country seeks to develop concrete wildlife management policies and protected areas, African Wildlife Foundation has been working with its government to determine appropriate protected areas and park management strategies. In Nimule National Park, AWF developed a general management plan providing a framework that guides zoning for natural resource use, revenue generation opportunities — such as tourism — and ensure the area is responsibly managed in a way that meets conservation and economic objectives. 

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