Gray countries with texture denote areas of future engagement.
Wildlife knows no boundaries. So AWF has defined areas across the continent that are critical to conservation. These Priority Landscapes can cover public and private lands alike and often cross borders.
23,604,116 hectares (91,136 sq. mi.)
Mountain gorilla, hippopotamus, elephant, lion, chimpanzee
Savanna, tropical and subtropical forest
Uganda rests on the East African plateau that lies entirely in the Nile basin. Climate varies depending on where people live. In Southern Uganda, it is wetter, with rain throughout the year. Northern Uganda has a dry climate and is more prone to droughts.
Even though this is a landlocked country, it has many large lakes, including Lake Kyoga, Lake Albert, and one of the world’s biggest lakes, Lake Victoria, in the south. Lake Victoria is so massive, it prevents the temperature from varying and helps increase rainfall.
There are many natural resources, such as fertile soil, copper, and cobalt, as well as untapped reserves of crude oil and natural gas. Despite these rich natural resources, Uganda is one of the poorest countries in the world, with more than 35% of the people living on less than $1.25 a day. Women work an average of 15 hours a day. And, because the poor cannot support their children, girls tend to drop out of school in order to go to work or get married. This has led to a particularly high illiteracy rate, especially among girls.
Sir Winston Churchill visited Uganda in 1909 and called it “the Pearl of Africa.” Perhaps he nicknamed it this because of everything the country has to offer. From the highest mountain range in Africa—the Mountains of the Moon—to the mighty Nile, Uganda is filled with natural beauty.
So, it’s only natural there’s a wide variety of wildlife and flora found here. This includes more than half of the world’s endangered mountain gorillas. More rangers and scouts are needed to keep a careful eye out for poachers who threaten the survival of this species. Besides poachers, forest clearance and disease spread by humans are serious issues.
Uganda has a huge population and its size means that people and wildlife come into frequent contact. Whether it is animals raiding crops, poachers illegally hunting wildlife for bushmeat, or people clear-cutting forests to make charcoal, these human-wildlife conflicts are some of Uganda’s biggest conservation challenges.
With your help, African Wildlife Foundation continues working on vital efforts in Uganda like ranger and scout training, conservation enterprise, and other tourism efforts that help local communities benefit from their wildlife neighbors. Donate for a cause that will help the people of Uganda, their lands, and their wildlife.
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