Gray countries with texture denote areas of future engagement.


More than half of the world’s remaining mountain gorillas call Uganda home

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  • Quick Facts:


    23,604,116 hectares (91,136 sq. mi.)

  • Key Landmarks

    1. Impenetrable Forests at Bwindi National Park
    2. Lake Victoria
    3. Rwenzori Mountains
  • Animals Inhabiting Land

    Mountain gorilla, hippopotamus, elephant, lion, chimpanzee

  • Primary Ecosystems

    Savanna, tropical and subtropical forest

  • Population


    Tags: Uganda, West/Central Africa, Virunga, Elephant, Mountain Gorilla, Chimpanzee, Hippopotamus

  • Mountain Gorilla Craig R Sholley
  • Mountain Gorilla Craig R. Sholley
  • Mountain gorilla Craig R. Sholley
  • Mountain Gorilla IGCP
  • Chimpanzee Craig R. Sholley
  • Chimpanzee David Thomson
  • Chimpanzee AWF
  • Chimpanzee Craig R. Sholley
  • Bwindi Census Anna Behm Masozera IGCP

One-third of this landlocked country is covered with fresh water.

Uganda rests on the East African plateau that lies entirely in the Nile basin. Climate varies depending on where people live. In Southern Uganda, it is wetter, with rain throughout the year. Northern Uganda has a dry climate and is more prone to droughts.

Even though this is a landlocked country, it has many large lakes, including Lake Kyoga, Lake Albert, and one of the world’s biggest lakes, Lake Victoria, in the south. Lake Victoria is so massive, it prevents the temperature from varying and helps increase rainfall.

There are many natural resources, such as fertile soil, copper, and cobalt, as well as untapped reserves of crude oil and natural gas. Despite these rich natural resources, Uganda is one of the poorest countries in the world, with more than 35% of the people living on less than $1.25 a day. Women work an average of 15 hours a day. And, because the poor cannot support their children, girls tend to drop out of school in order to go to work or get married. This has led to a particularly high illiteracy rate, especially among girls.


The human-wildlife conflict is destroying the Pearl of Africa.

Sir Winston Churchill visited Uganda in 1909 and called it “the Pearl of Africa.” Perhaps he nicknamed it this because of everything the country has to offer. From the highest mountain range in Africa—the Mountains of the Moon—to the mighty Nile, Uganda is filled with natural beauty.

So, it’s only natural there’s a wide variety of wildlife and flora found here. This includes more than half of the world’s endangered mountain gorillas. More rangers and scouts are needed to keep a careful eye out for poachers who threaten the survival of this species. Besides poachers, forest clearance and disease spread by humans are serious issues.

Uganda has a huge population and its size means that people and wildlife come into frequent contact. Whether it is animals raiding crops, poachers illegally hunting wildlife for bushmeat, or people clear-cutting forests to make charcoal, these human-wildlife conflicts are some of Uganda’s biggest conservation challenges.


Will you show Uganda your support?

With your help, African Wildlife Foundation continues working on vital efforts in Uganda like ranger and scout training, conservation enterprise, and other tourism efforts that help local communities benefit from their wildlife neighbors. Donate for a cause that will help the people of Uganda, their lands, and their wildlife.

  • Mountain Gorilla Rangers Mohammed Hashim
    Mountain Gorilla Rangers
    Gorillas face peril

    Fewer than 900 mountain gorillas exist today.

    Mountain gorillas remain exceedingly endangered and live in only one area—the Virunga Heartland. This landscape spans the...

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  • Student Anna Behm_Masozera IGCP
    Student Gorilla Trek
    Facilitating conservation education through interaction with wildlife

    Wildlife permits are too expensive for native Rwandans. 

    Despite living so close to the magnificent mountain gorilla, many Rwandans lack the ability to fully engage...

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    All Projects

  • Bwindi Census Anna Behm Masozera IGCP
    Bwindi Mountain Gorilla Census
    Cataloging the critically endangered mountain gorilla

    Accurate population numbers are needed for gorilla conservation. 

    The Bwindi Impenetrable National Park in Uganda is home to approximately half of the world’s remaining...

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    All Projects

  • Uganda Biodiversity Through Tourism AWF
    Uganda Tourism for Biodiversity
    Improving tourism and biodiversity across the country

    Uganda has a wide range of tourism assets. 

    Uganda boasts a wealth of biodiversity that could easily be used for tourism purposes. Uganda’s economy today relies...

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    All Projects

  • Clouds Mountain Gorilla Lodge
    Tourism works for locals and gorillas.

    Mountain gorillas are still under threat.

    Even though the mountain gorilla population in Uganda’s Bwindi Impenetrable Forest is growing, the species remains endangered...

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    All Projects

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