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Books and Papers

The African Widlife Foundation publishes scientific books, papers and technical handbooks. Whenever possible, AWF makes its publications available to the public.

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AWF Working Papers

The Koija Starbeds Ecolodge: A Case Study of a Conservation Enterprise in Kenya Sumba, Warinwa, Lenaiyasa and Muruthi. AWF Working Papers, 2007

The Process of Preparing a General Management Plan for a Protected Area Muruthi, P. AWF Working Papers, 2006

Community Owned and Run: Case Study of Santawani Lodge, Ngamiland, Botswana. African Wildlife Foundation. AWF Working Papers, 2005.

Land Conservation Trusts: A Case Study of Manyara Ranch, Tanzania. Sumba, Bergin, Jones. AWF Working Papers, 2005.

Economic Value of the Bwindi and Virunga Gorilla Mountain Forests. Hatfield, R. AWF Working Papers, 2005.

A Community Business: Elerai Ranch and Conservation Area, Kenya. Kiyiapi, Ntiati, Mwongela, Hatfield, Williams. AWF Working Papers, 2005.

Landscape Conservation and Land Tenure in Zambia: Community Trusts in the Kazungula Heartland. Metcalfe, S. AWF Working Papers, 2005.

Transboundary Protected Area Impacts on Communities: Case Study of Three Southern Africa Transboundary Conservation Initiatives Metcalfe, S. AWF Working Papers, 2005

Human Wildlife Conflict: Lessons Learned From AWFs African Heartlands Muruthi, P. AWF Working Papers, 2005


AWF Conservation in Practice Papers

AWF's Experiences in the Management of Fisheries in two Southern African Landscapes Mwima and Mandima AWF Conservation in Practice Papers, 2005

Baseline Fish Biodiversity Surveys: Experiences from the Zambezi River, Southern Africa. Mwima and Mandima AWF Conservation in Practice Papers, 2005

African Heartlands: A Science-Based and Pragmatic Approach to Landscape Level Conservation in Africa Muruthi, P. AWF Conservation in Practice Papers, 2005

Aerial Survey of Elephants and Other Large Herbivores in the Zambezi Heartland (Zimbabwe, Mozambique and Zambia): 2003. Dunham, Kevin. A Report for African Wildlife Foundation, May 2004.

Defining the 'Conservation' in Community Conservation: Strategic Planning in Tanzania National Parks Dembe E. and Bergin, P AWF Discussion Papers, CC-DP-5.

Does community-based conservation curtail threats? Williams, Muruthi, Sumba, Gregory-Michelman AWF Conservation in Practice Papers. 2013

The Process of Creation of a New Protected Area in the Democratic Republic of Congo: The Case of the Iyondji Community Bonobo Reserve Dupain, J., Fowler, A., Kasalevo;P., Sakamaki, T., Lingomo,B., Way, T., Williams, D., Furuichi, T., Facheux, C. AWF Conservation in Practice Papers. 2013

The Forests of the Congo Basin - State of the Forest 2010 Sidle, J., Dupain, J., Beck, J., Nackoney, J., de Wasseige, C., Mendomo Biang, J-D, Leprohon,R., Malele, S. (201). AWF Conservation in Practice Papers. 2010

Landscape-Scale Conservation in the Congo Basin : Lessons Learned from the Central Africa Regional Program for the Environment (CARPE) Dupain, J., Degrande, A., De Marcken, P., Elliott, J., & Nackoney, J. AWF Conservation in Practice Papers. 2010

Human-Carnivore Conflicts in Private Conservancy Lands of Elerai and Oltiyiani in Amboseli Area, Kenya Okello, M., Kiringe, J., Warinwa F. AWF Conservation in Practice Papers. 2014


Community Conservation Series

The Peoples' Voice: Partnership and Community Conservation Barrow, Bergin, Infield, Lembuya AWF CC Discussion Papers, CC-DP-2.

Who Gains? Who Loses? Biodiversity in Savanna Systems Barrow, E. AWF Discussion Papers, CC-DP-3

Community Conservation Approaches and Experiences From East Africa. Barrow, E. AWF Discussion Papers, CC-DP-4.

Pastoralists, Fishermen and Farmers In and Around Lake Mburo National Park: Changing Conflict into Awareness and Responsibility Turyaho, M. and Infield, M. AWF Discussion Papers, CC-DP-6

Community Conservation Training Initiatives in East Africa Snelson, D AWF Discussion Papers, CC-DP-7.

Linking Enterprise To Conservation: Examples from Kenya Lembuya, Makilya, Ntiati. AWF Discussion Papers, CC-DP-8.

Making Community Conservation Economically Attractive Vohres, F AWF Discussion Papers, CC-DP-9.

Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices Concerning Community Conservation in the Group Ranches Around Amboseli National Park Barrow, Lembuya, Ntiati, Sumba. AWF Discussion Papers, CC-DP-11.

Community Conservation - Myth or Reality? Summary of Discussions from the Workshop Held at the Global Biodiversity Forum in Harare 1997 Barrow and Elliott. AWF Discussion Papers, CC-DP-13.

Community Payment for Ecosystem Services in the Amboseli Ecosystem: Leasing Land for Livelihoods and Wildlife Kathleen H. Fitzgerald


Conservation, Economics and Commerce Series

Making Wildlife "Pay" in Laikipia, Kenya Elliott and Mwangi AWF Discussion Papers, CEC-DP-1. 1997.

Increasing Landowner Earnings From Wildlife Cropping in Laikipia, Kenya. Elliott and Mwangi. AWF Discussion Papers, CEC-DP-2. 1997.

The Opportunity Cost of the Hunting Ban to Landowners in Laikipia, Kenya Elliott and Mwangi AWF Discussion Papers, CEC-DP-4. 1998.

Developing Wildlife Tourism in Laikipia, Kenya - Who Benefits? Elliott and Mwangi AWF Discussion Papers, CEC-DP-3. 1998.

The Isivuno Model - Rocktail Bay and Banzi Safari Lodges: A Case Study in Community-Based Tourism Enterprise Development from KwaZulu Natal. Elliott, J. AWF Discussion Papers, CEC-DP-5. 1998.


Applied Conservation Economics Series

Participatory Environmental Valuation: Subsistence Forest Use Around the Aberdares, Kenya. Emerton, L. AWF Discussion Papers, ACE-DP-1. 1996.

Maasai Livelihoods, Forest Use Values and Conservation in Oldonyo Orok, Kenya Emerton, L. AWF Discussion Papers, ACE-DP-2. 1996.

The National Economy and Environmental Degradation in Kenya Emerton, L. AWF Discussion Papers, ACE-DP-3. 1997.

The Economics of Tourism and Wildlife Conservation in Africa Emerton, L. AWF Discussion Papers, ACE-DP-4. 1997.


Ecological/Technical Handbook Series

Counting Animals Northon-Griffiths African Wildlife Ecology Handbook Series, No. 1. 1978.

Measuring the Distribution of Animals in Relation to the Environment. Western and Grimsdell African Wildlife Ecology Handbook Series, No. 2. 1979.

Studying Predators Bertram, B. African Wildlife Ecology Handbook Series, No. 3. 1979.

Ecological Monitoring Grimsdell, J.J.R. African Wildlife Ecology Handbook Series, No. 4. 1978.

Population Dynamics of Large Mammals Sinclair, A.R.E and Grimsdell, J.J.R Sinclair, A.R.E and Grimsdell, J.J.R

Counting Birds Pomeroy, D African Wildlife Ecology Handbook Series, No. 6. 1992.

Studying Elephants Kangwana, K. African Wildlife Ecology Handbook Series, No. 7. 1996

L'Etude des Elephants Kangwana, K. Series de Manuels Techniques par AWF, No. 7. 1996.

A Practical Handbook for Setting Up and Managing a Wildlife Management Area in Tanzania African Wildlife Foundation, 2013


Planning and Assessment for Wildlife Management (PAWM) Program Papers

Policy and Management Plan for the Nile Crocodile in Tanzania. Department of Wildlife, 1993.

Policy and Management Plan for the Ostrich in Tanzania. Department of Wildlife, 1993.

Policy and Management Plan for Tanzania’s Avifauna with Special Reference to the Live Bird Trade. Department of Wildlife, 1993.

Policy for Management of the African Elephant in Tanzania. Department of Wildlife, 1994.

Policy for the Management of Tourist Hunting. Department of Wildlife, 1995.

Final Report: An Examination of the Achievements and Effectiveness of the Planning and Assessment for Wildlife Management Project. African Wildlife Foundation, 1996.


Other Articles, Publications

The Implications of Global Climate Change for Mountain Gorilla Conservation. A White Paper prepared by the African Wildlife Foundation, the International Gorilla Conservation Programme and EcoAdapt and funded by the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, 2010.

Expanding options for habitat conservation outside protected areas in Kenya: The use of environmental easements. Technical Papers No. 2, 2010.

The Performance of Electric Fences as Elephant Barriers in Amboseli, Kenya. Kioko, Muruthi, Omondi and Chiyo Published in South African Journal of Wildlife Research, 38(1): 52–58, April 2008.

Transfrontier Conservation Areas: Integrating Biodiversity and Poverty Alleviation in Southern Africa Munthali, S. Published in Natural Resources Forum, No. 31, 2007.

Elephant Numbers and Distribution in the Tsavo-Amboseli Ecosystem, South-Western Kenya Kioko, Okello, Muruthi Published in Pachyderm, No. 40, January-June 2006.

Gastrointestinal Parasites in Free-ranging Kenyan Baboons (Papio cynocephalus and P. anubis). Hahn, Proulx, Muruthi, Alberts and Altmann Published in the International Journal of Primatology, Vol. 24, No. 2, April 2003.

Study on the Development of Transboundary Natural Resource Management Areas in Africa: Kilimanjaro Heartland Case Study. Muruthi and Frohardt. 2001

The Impact of Wildlife-Based Enterprises on Local Livelihoods and Conservation in Kenya Sikoyo, Ashley and Elliot. Wildlife Enterprise for Local Development (WELD) Project. 2001.

The Impact of Wildlife-Based Enterprises on Local Livelihoods and Conservation in Tanzania. Sikoyo, Hanlon, and Mwinyiechi. Wildlife Enterprise for Local Development (WELD) Project. 2001.

The Impact of Wildlife-Based Enterprises on Local Livelihoods and Conservation in Uganda. Sikoyo, G. and Muramira, T. Wildlife Enterprise for Local Development (WELD) Project. 2001.

Valuing the Environment: Case Studies from Kenya. Emerton, L. AWF Discussion Papers, 1996.