Gray countries with texture denote areas of future engagement.

Congo

Proof humans and wildlife can provide for each other

  • Spread the word

Kenya

Land

Gallery
  • Grevy Zebra Ron Geatz
  • Grevy Zebra Paul Thomson
  • Grevy Zebra Craig R. Sholley
  • Ewaso Lions Ewaso Lions
  • Ewaso Lions Ewaso Lions
  • Ewaso Lions Ewaso Lions
  • Ewaso Lions Ewaso Lions
  • Starbucks Conservation Coffee John Butler
  • Starbucks Conservation Coffee Paul Thomson
  • Starbucks Conservation Coffee Paul Thomson
  • Starbucks Conservation Coffee Paul Thomson
  • Ngulia Rhino Sanctuary AWF
  • Ngulia rhino Sanctuary Mark Boulton
  • Ngulia Rhino Sanctuary Mark Boulton
  • Ngulia Rhino Sanctuary Teeku Patel
  • Ol Lentille Lodge Paul Joynson-Hicks
  • Ol Lentille Lodge Paul Joynson-Hicks
  • Ol Lentille Lodge Paul Joynson-Hicks
  • Ol Lentille Lodge Paul Joynson-Hicks
  • Satao Elerai Lodge Philip Muruthi
  • Satao Elerai Lodge Philip Muruthi
  • Satao Elerai Lodge Philip Muruthi
  • Satao Elerai Lodge Charles Grieves-Cook
  • Grevy's Zebra Protection Paul Muoria
  • Grevy's Zebra Protection Paul Muoria
  • Grevy's Zebra Protection Paul Muoria
  • Grevy's Zebra Protection Paul Muoria
  • Mau Forestation AWF
  • Mau Forestation AWF
  • Mau Forestation
  • Mau Forestation Peter Chira
  • Kitengela Land Conservation
  • Kitengela Land Conservation Mayu Mishina
  • Kitengela Land Conservation
  • Kitengela Land Conservation Kathleen Fitzgerald
  • Canine Detection Unit Amy Barriale
  • Canine Detection Unit Billy Dodson
  • Canine Detection Unit Amy Barriale
  • The Kuku Project Paul Thomson
  • The Kuku Project Paul Thomson
  • The Kuku Project Paul Thomson
  • Esilalei Women's Cultural Boma Mohamed Hashim
  • Amboseli Chullya Corridor Billy Dodson
  • Amboseli Chullya Corridor Billy Dodson
  • Amboseli Chullya Corridor Billy Dodson
  • Amboseli Chullya Corridor Billy Dodson
  • African Wild Dog Scouts James Weis
  • Maasa Steppe Predator Proof Boma AWF
  • Maasa Steppe Predator Proof Boma Mayu Mishina
  • Maasa Steppe Predator Proof Boma Christina Van Winkle
  • Maasa Steppe Predator Proof Boma Christina Van Winkle
  • Maasai Olympics Maasailand Preservation Trust/Big Life Foundation
  • Maasai Olympics Maasailand Preservation Trust/Big Life Foundation
  • Maasai Olympics Maasailand Preservation Trust/Big Life Foundation
  • Maasai Olympics Maasailand Preservation Trust/Big Life Foundation
  • Kenya AWF
  • Kenya AWF
  • Kenya AWF
  • Mau Peter chira
  • Mau Peter Chira
  • Mau Peter Chira
  • Samburu Kathleen Fitzgerald
  • Samburu AWF
  • Samburu Peter Chira
  • Samburu Teeku Patel
  • Kilimanjaro Billy Dodson
  • Kilimanjaro Philip Muruthi
  • Kilimanjaro Amy Barriale
  • Kilimanjaro Daryl and Sharna Balfour
Overview

In Kenya, conservation is a cornerstone of the economy.

Kenya is a country of diverse, rich habitat. A fifth of our priority landscapes are found within its borders, in fact. The humid broadleaf forests along the coast of the Indian Ocean give way to lush grasslands and savannas. The Kenya Lake System of the geologically dramatic Great Rift Valley is a United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) World Heritage Site. And, Mt. Kenya—the nation’s namesake—is the second-tallest elevation on the continent.

A burgeoning service industry continues to grow in Kenya, and ecotourism plays a big part in East Africa’s strongest economy. Visitors flock to the country to see Africa’s “Big Five.” But, lions, elephants, rhinos, leopards, and buffalo are just a handful of the treasured species in this nation. Baboons, zebras, giraffes, flamingoes, and more are enjoyed by tourists, thanks to a strong national park system and a network of wildlife reserves.

Beyond the service sector, agriculture accounts for almost a quarter of Kenya’s gross domestic product (GDP). Raising livestock is popular in the savannas, and the country’s primary crop exports are produce, coffee, and tea. But, even with such fertile lands, overpopulation and a lack of infrastructure contribute to frequent food insecurity in Kenya. 

Challenges

A booming population and wildlife compete for resources to survive.

Kenya’s population has grown exponentially over the last century, and efforts to slow its rate are only just beginning to get a toehold. Since 1928, a citizenry of 2.9 million has ballooned to more than 42 million today, with the population projected to hit 77 million by 2030.

Poverty is widespread with many relying on subsistence agriculture to survive. Farming often pushes into critical habitat, harming the land and putting humans and wildlife at odds. In remote regions, oversight of pristine natural resources can be lax. The lucrative ivory trade encourages poachers to go to extraordinary measures to avoid detection in their slaughter of rhinos and elephants. Habitat fragmentation continues to be a threat to many species in Kenya, including the endangered Grevy’s zebra, whose numbers are only a twelfth of what they were a few short decades ago. And, as the country tries to build an infrastructure to support its population, it often comes at the expense of areas rich in biodiversity.

Projects

Will you show Kenya your support?

From “conservation” coffee growers on Mt. Kenya to the Satao Elerai Lodge in the Kilimanjaro Heartland, your help will allow us to continue critical projects in Kenya that are designed to protect wildlife, preserve habitat, and improve livelihoods. Donate for a cause that will help the people of Kenya, their land, and wildlife conservation. 

  • Ngulia Rhino Sanctuary
    Protecting black rhinos from poaching

    Black rhinos in danger of extinction.

    The black rhino population in Kenya’s Tsavo ecosystem was estimated at 6,000 to 8,000 in the 1970s. By 1989, there were no more...

    Read more
    All Projects

  • Maasai Olympics
    Replacing lion hunting with competitive sports

    It is Maasai tradition to hunt lions. 

    In Maasai culture, young men who are entering warriorhood traditionally hunted lions to show their physical prowess and...

    Read more
    All Projects

  • Ol Lentille Lodge
    Protecting Kenyan wildlife

    Kenyan wildlife is diverse but threatened.

    Kenya is home to some of Africa’s most diverse ecosystems and identifiable species. Lush savanna landscapes play host to...

    Read more
    All Projects

  • Ol Pejeta Conservancy
    Livestock management and conservation in Kenya.

    Kenya’s herds are creating hurdles.

    Boasting a scenic landscape and extensive wildlife, northern Kenya supports a critical population of wild dogs, the second-largest...

    Read more
    All Projects

  • Satao Elerai Lodge
    Promoting conservation and ecotourism in Kenya

    Kenyan wildlife is diverse but threatened.

    Kenya is home to some of Africa’s most diverse ecosystems and identifiable species. Lush savanna landscapes play host to...

    Read more
    All Projects

Get Involved

Become a member

Join African Wildlife Foundation as a member for just $25. Your partnership is vital to our mission to protect Africa’s most precious - and imperiled - creatures.

Join Now

  • Spread the word