Where do elephants live?
Elephants will live in almost any habitat that provides plentiful food and water. Elephant populations are scattered throughout sub-Saharan Africa and the rain forests of Central and West Africa.
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What are elephants?
Elephants are the world’s largest terrestrial mammal. There are two recognized subspecies of elephants: the savanna (bush) elephant and the forest elephant. Savanna elephants are larger than forest elephants and their tusks curve out, while forest elephants are darker and have tusks that are straighter and point downward.
Elephants have a very long nose, which also doubles as an arm.
An elephant’s trunk is a long nose that is used for breathing, smelling, drinking, trumpeting, and grabbing objects. African elephants have two fingerlike extensions on the tips of their trunks that are used for holding onto small objects. They also use their trunks to exhibit affection, by frequently touching and caressing one another.
They spend a lot of time eating.
It’s no great surprise that these large animals love to eat. Elephants’ diets consist of grasses, fruits, roots, and bark, and they roam across large distances foraging for food. They can eat up to 300 pounds (136 kilograms) of food and drink 30 to 50 gallons of water in one day.
Elephants are friendly.
Much like humans, elephants are social creatures that live in small family groups, usually consisting of an older matriarch and several generations of female relatives. Males are typically solitary but may live in small groups of three or four bulls. Elephants take care of weak or injured members and even appear to grieve over dead companions.