Where do Ethiopian wolves live?
As their name suggests, Ethiopian wolves are endemic to Ethiopia, where they are restricted to just seven isolated enclaves in the country’s highlands. The largest population can be found in the Bale Mountains in southern Ethiopia.
Tags: Ethiopia, Simien Mountains, East Africa
View Africa | Habitat
What is an Ethiopian wolf?
Ethiopian wolves have a bushy tail, pointed ears, slender snout, and long legs. They are a tawny red with a white underbelly and blaze on their chests, and also have white fur on their throats, which sweeps up and covers the underside of their muzzle. Their black, bushy tails can reach up to 40cm in length.
They live together, but hunt alone.
Unlike other wolf species, Ethiopian wolves are solitary hunters. Their diet consists mainly of the giant mole rats that are abundant in their habitat. However, Ethiopian wolves do live in packs—this allows them to defend a territory with enough rodents to feed the entire group.
They are family-oriented.
Ethiopian wolf packs are groups of extended family members, made up of all the males born into the pack during the previous years and one or two females. During breeding season, co-mingling between different packs is more common. These interactions are highly vocal, and end when the smaller pack flees from the larger one.
Raising wolf pups is a communal activity.
Adult wolves in a pack will help raise each other’s pups. Wolf mothers give birth in a den they dug themselves, under a boulder or inside a rocky crevice. These dens usually consist of a highly utilized network of burrows, which can have multiple entrances and be interconnected. Pups are regularly shifted from one den to another.