Gray countries with texture denote areas of future engagement.
Wildlife knows no boundaries. So AWF has defined areas across the continent that are critical to conservation. These Priority Landscapes can cover public and private lands alike and often cross borders.
Located on the southeast coast of Africa, the Republic of Mozambique is divided into two regions by the Zambezi River. The north features a narrow coastline, low plateaus, and rugged highlands. The south has broad lowlands. It also holds Niassa Reserve, one of the largest protected areas in the country. This stunning and remote area has more than 350 African wild dogs, 12,000 sable antelopes, and 16,000 elephants.
Filled with rich and extensive natural resources, Mozambique has enjoyed a growing economy based on agriculture, food and beverage processing, aluminum production, petroleum production, and chemical manufacturing. More than 75% of Mozambicans do small-scale farming. In 2012, large natural gas reserves were found, which could have a huge impact on the economy.
And while its economy continues to flourish, it still remains one of the poorest in the world.
While the economy is flourishing, the same can’t be said for wildlife in Mozambique. The lack of economic opportunities for all people has forced Mozambicans to overuse their natural resources, such as timber for fuel. The magnitude of this has resulted in a deforestation rate of 1% a year and the loss of 70% of their wildlife.
The Mozambique government realizes actions speak louder than words and is undertaking large conservation efforts both on land and water. Mozambique is now committed to protecting areas like Quirimbas National Park, Bazaruto National Park, and Lake Niassa Reserve. In 2012, it also created the largest coastal/marine reserve in Africa with the Primeiras and Segundas (P&S) Archipelago Environmental Protection Area, an archipelago chain of 10 islands that feature some of Africa’s most flourishing marine life and coral reefs.
As poachers continue to kill for bushmeat and ivory and people steal natural resources, Mozambique is now at a crossroads. Mozambicans must be provided opportunities to pursue sustainable livelihood, take steps toward conservation, and build an infrastructure that fosters more economic opportunities.
With your help, African Wildlife Foundation can continue working on vital efforts like new enterprises that help sustain livelihoods, prevent poaching, and encourage conservation education. Donate for a cause that will help the people of Mozambique, their land, and wildlife conservation.
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