Gray countries with texture denote areas of future engagement.
Wildlife knows no boundaries. So AWF has defined areas across the continent that are critical to conservation. These Priority Landscapes can cover public and private lands alike and often cross borders.
47,544,000 hectares (183,568 sq. mi.)
Cross River gorilla, black colobus, moustached monkey, black rhinoceros, Rumpi mouse shrew, humpback whale, forest warbler, African elephant, cheetah, West African manatee
Savanna, tropical forest
The Republic of Cameroon in West Central Africa has the continent’s second-highest concentration of biodiversity. It boasts 320 different mammals, 1,000 varieties of butterflies, and more than 9,000 plant species—including some found nowhere else on the planet. Cameroon also has all the major climates and vegetation that Africa has to offer: desert, mountain, coast, savanna, and rain forest.
Slightly bigger than California, Cameroon has favorable agriculture conditions and abundant oil resources, making its gross domestic product (GDP) one of the 10 highest in sub-Saharan Africa. Crude petroleum makes up 40% of the country’s exports. Other major exports are aluminum, raw and roasted cocoa beans, raw cotton, and gold.
Roughly 70% of Cameroonians farm, especially on the coast where bananas, cocoa, and oil palms are grown. In the western highlands, coffee is a major cash crop. Despite these growing markets, the majority of people practice subsistence farming, growing just enough to support their families. Besides agriculture, fishing is a big industry in Cameroon, employing 5,000 people.
Cameroon’s growing economy continues to put a great deal of pressure on its resources and people. In Cameroon, 37% of the land is covered with timber in the southern rain forest. Once inaccessible, foreign-owned firms are now logging the timber, putting the pristine habitat at risk.
Many Cameroonians in rural areas are forced to hunt bushmeat for food or profit. The commercial trade of bushmeat is so popular, in fact, it is a big threat to wildlife, alongside habitat destruction from logging.
Help make a real difference in Cameroon by supporting efforts such as ranger training—which helps protect wildlife from poachers—enterprises that can improve livelihoods, and more. Donate for a cause that helps the people of Cameroon, their land, and wildlife conservation.
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