Gray countries with texture denote areas of future engagement.

Congo

Some species are found here and nowhere else on the planet

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Cameroon

Land

  • Quick Facts:

    Area

    47,544,000 hectares (183,568 sq. mi.)

  • Key Landmarks

    1. Mt. Cameroon
    2. Waza National Park
  • Animals

    Cross River gorilla, black colobus, moustached monkey, black rhinoceros, Rumpi mouse shrew, humpback whale, forest warbler, African elephant, cheetah, West African manatee

  • Primary Ecosystems

    Savanna, tropical forest

  • Population

    20,129,878

    Tags: Colobus Monkey, Faro, West/Central Africa

Gallery
  • Cameroon
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  • Cameroon Kathleen Fitzgerald
  • Cameroon Kathleen Fitzgerald
  • Cameroon Kathleen Fitzgerald
  • Cameroon Jef Dupain
  • African forest elephant calf
  • African Forest Elephant
Overview

Earning the nickname 'Africa in miniature.'

The Republic of Cameroon in West Central Africa has the continent’s second-highest concentration of biodiversity. It boasts 320 different mammals, 1,000 varieties of butterflies, and more than 9,000 plant species—including some found nowhere else on the planet. Cameroon also has all the major climates and vegetation that Africa has to offer: desert, mountain, coast, savanna, and rain forest.

Cameroon counts the Dja Faunal Reserve among its many breathtaking natural assets. The Dja, a UNESCO World Heritage site, is one of Africa’s largest rainforests and home to numerous animal and plant species, including at least 14 primates.

AWF the only officially recognized conservation partner in the Dja Biosphere Reserve. Our work is helping to keep this UN World Heritage Site from being listed as a World Heritage Site in Danger.

Slightly bigger than California, Cameroon has favorable agriculture conditions and abundant oil resources, making its gross domestic product (GDP) one of the 10 highest in sub-Saharan Africa. Crude petroleum makes up 40% of the country’s exports. Other major exports are aluminum, raw and roasted cocoa beans, raw cotton, and gold.

Roughly 70% of Cameroonians farm, especially on the coast where bananas, cocoa, and oil palms are grown. In the western highlands, coffee is a major cash crop. Despite these growing markets, the majority of people practice subsistence farming, growing just enough to support their families. Besides agriculture, fishing is a big industry in Cameroon, employing 5,000 people.

Challenges

The exploitation of timber and bushmeat is rising rapidly.

Cameroon’s growing economy continues to put a great deal of pressure on its resources and people. In Cameroon, 37% of the land is covered with timber in the southern rain forest. Once inaccessible, foreign-owned firms are now logging the timber, putting the pristine habitat at risk.

Many Cameroonians in rural areas are forced to hunt bushmeat for food or profit. The commercial trade of bushmeat is so popular, in fact, it is a big threat to wildlife, alongside habitat destruction from logging.

Projects

Will you show Cameroon your support?

Help make a real difference in Cameroon by supporting efforts such as ranger training—which helps protect wildlife from poachers—enterprises that can improve livelihoods, and more. Donate for a cause that helps the people of Cameroon, their land, and wildlife conservation.

  • Cameroon Elephant Anti-Poaching
    Protecting the elephants of Faro National Park

    Faro National Park under threat.

    In February 2012, heavily armed poaching gangs from Sudan massacred more than 50% of the elephants in northern Cameroon’s Bouba N’...

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  • African Apes Initiative
    Saving Africa’s great apes from the brink of extinction.

    All of Africa’s great ape species are either endangered or critically endangered.

    Africa is home to four of the world’s five great apes: the...

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