Gray countries with texture denote areas of future engagement.
Wildlife knows no boundaries. So AWF has defined areas across the continent that are critical to conservation. These Priority Landscapes can cover public and private lands alike and often cross borders.
6,008,585 hectares (23,000 sq. mi.)
Of Tanzania’s 46 million people, close to 85% is rural and relies on agriculture as its primary income. The majority of agriculture here is subsistence-based, with farmers earning less than US$1/day. The Ruaha area will intersect with an agriculture corridor that the Tanzanian government wants to develop in Southern Tanzania. The proposed corridor will overlap many different ecosystems, possibly undermining their ecological integrity and impacting wildlife areas.
The government’s proposed Southern Agricultural Growth Corridor of Tanzania seeks to bring more land under profitable cultivation. But, if ecosystems and natural resources are undermined in the process, this could spell disaster for wildlife. Degradation of natural resources could also threaten the long-term viability of planned agriculture corridors.
With little access to capital, technology, markets, and knowledge of sustainable agricultural practices, small-farm holders engage in subsistence agriculture. This often puts pressure on surrounding natural resources and keeps local communities mired in poverty.
Our solutions to the challenges in the Ruaha landscape:
Working with partners and other stakeholders, African Wildlife Foundation is helping implement smart land-use planning throughout the agricultural corridor so that natural resources and ecosystems remain protected, thus ensuring long-term benefits to both wildlife and people.
Through the government’s agricultural corridor initiative, AWF and its partners will train small-farm holders in sustainable agricultural practices that increase their yield while decreasing the pressure they place on ecosystems. AWF will also help small-farm holders access capital, new technology, and new markets for their products, thereby breaking the cycle of poverty.
AWF is scaling up social venture capital investments through its subsidiary, African Wildlife Capital (AWC), which invests in socially and environmentally responsible agricultural and other businesses—such as the Rungwe Avocado Co. near Kitulo National Park—that must comply with conservation covenants to secure and maintain investment. These AWC-invested businesses not only aim to benefit wildlife, but also benefit small-farm holders.
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