Gray countries with texture denote areas of future engagement.


The land is as diverse as the wildlife

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  • Quick Facts:


    75,110 hectares (287,028 sq. mi.)

  • Key Landmarks

    1. Victoria Falls
    2. Zabezi River
    3. Lake Tanganyika
  • Animals Inhabiting Land

    Elephant, hippopotamus, antelope, giraffe, lion, leopard, hyena, zebra

  • Primary Ecosystems

    Tropical and subtropical grasslands, savanna, shrubland, tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forest

  • Population


    Tags: Zambia, Southern Africa, Kazungula, Zambezi, Giraffe, Elephant, Hippopotamus, Hyena, Leopard, Lion

  • Lupani School Becky Walter
  • Lupani School Nasson Tembo
  • Lupani Nasson Tembo
  • Lupani School Perrin Banks
  • Manyara Ranch IT Lab Craig R. Sholley
  • Manyara Ranch IT Lab James Mithamo
  • Manyara Ranch IT Lab James Mithamo
  • Manyara Ranch IT Lab Craig R Sholley
  • Inyambo Nasson Tembo

Copper isn’t the only rich resource.

The Republic of Zambia is located in Southern Africa. Its name comes from the Zambezi river, which flows through parts of the country and also forms its southern border. Zambia has a tropical climate, high plateaus, broad plains, and river valleys.

One of the world’s fastest economically reformed countries, Zambia has much to gain. While its economy has predominantly been based on the copper industry, Zambians are seeking alternatives from the country’s other rich resources, such as agriculture, gemstone mining, and tourism.


Everything is extreme here: natural beauty, weather, and wildlife.

Zambia has essentially two seasons: a rainy season that creates abundance and a dry season that creates stress. When the dry season hits, river channels shrink to trickles, and the hot land becomes parched. This impacts not only people, but wildlife. These extreme weather conditions create hunger for all, forcing wildlife to wander for food—causing crop damage and loss of potential income. There are other challenges, too, including poor farming methods and limited markets.

With tourism becoming an important industry thanks to natural wonders like Victoria Falls, it’s important for Zambia to keep its breathtaking forests intact and protect its wildlife. Faced with increased deforestation and poaching, certain wildlife populations are decreasing rapidly. There are also growing human-elephant conflicts as a result of an increase in crop raids and ivory. 

Priority Landscapes

Will you show Zambia your support?

With your help, African Wildlife Foundation can continue working on vital efforts like ranger training to prevent poaching, helping provide eco-friendly ways to deter wildlife from crops, and education for future generations. Donate for a cause that will help the people of Zambia, their land, and wildlife conservation.

  • AWF's Machenje Fishing Lodge in Zambia
    Machenje Fishing Lodge
    A tourist destination that benefits animals and people.

    A need to protect Africa’s largest elephant population.

    The Kazungula District of Zambia, the location of the Sekute Chiefdom, lies...

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  • Lupani School Becky Walter
    Lupani Community School
    Education for conservation in Zambia

    Education remains one of the major challenges facing Africa.

    In the Sekute community of Zambia, students often had to walk miles a day to attend school. Classes were held...

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  • Inyambo Fish Farm Nasson Tembo
    Inyambo Fish Farm
    Feeding the future through environmentally sustainable agriculture

    Overfishing threatens people and wildlife along the Zambezi River.

    The Zambezi river is home to more than 200 different species of fish, all of which contribute to the...

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  • Zambia Rhino Relocation Joreck Chisshika
    Zambia Rhino Relocation
    Protecting and strengthening rhino populations in Zambia

    Rhinos face extinction in Zambia.

    Zambia once had a healthy population of white rhinos, but by 2010, there was only one still alive. Poaching had decimated local...

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  • Elephants Robyn Gianni
    Zambezi Elephant Conservation
    Securing habitats for Southern Africa’s giants

    Elephants don’t know borders.

    Elephant populations in Southern Africa roam freely across many countries, seeking food, water, and suitable habitat. As a result,...

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