Lions face violence from local pastoralists.
Lion populations across Africa face many threats to their continued existence. Habitat loss, disease, and violence all threaten the future of these majestic predators. In the Maasai Steppe Heartland, lions are often targeted for death after killing livestock or scaring local pastoralists. As a result, lion numbers are decreasing, as humans and carnivores grow to be more at odds with each other.
A critical location for Africa’s top predators.
Across the continent, Africa’s large carnivores are facing an uncertain future. Lions, cheetahs and African wild dogs have all disappeared from 80 – 90 percent of their original range. Both the lion and the cheetah are now classified as Vulnerable by the IUCN, with as few as 23,000 and 10,000 individuals remaining in the wild respectively. While the African wild dog is Endangered, with merely 6,600 estimated adults remaining.
A need to protect Africa’s largest elephant population.
The Kazungula District of Zambia, the location of the Sekute Chiefdom, lies close to the borders of Zimbabwe, Botswana, and Namibia. Elephants and other wildlife regularly move between these countries to access various habitats.
Over time, human settlements have obstructed critical wildlife corridors connecting protected areas, and the close proximity of wildlife to people has resulted in increased human-wildlife conflict.
It is Maasai tradition to hunt lions.
In Maasai culture, young men who are entering warriorhood traditionally hunted lions to show their physical prowess and vitality and to attract females. Combined with habitat loss and retaliatory killings of lions, however, this Maasai tradition has inadvertently led to a rapidly diminishing lion population.
Kenya’s lions could be extinct in the next two decades.
Habitat loss and conflict with humans are the prime culprits of the drastic reduction in lion populations across Africa. Kenya’s lion population is now fewer than 2,000 individuals. The Ewaso Nyiro ecosystem of northern Kenya provides a critical habitat for these cats, but lions in this region are highly vulnerable to their pastoralist neighbors and conflict regularly occurs when lions attack livestock.
Amboseli-Chyulu Corridor is threatened by agricultural expansion.
The historic wildlife dispersal area and corridor that extends from Amboseli National Park to Chyulu Hills and Tsavo West National Park represents a critical asset to the survival of wildlife in these protected areas. The corridor allows for the free movement, and is one of the last natural strongholds, of lion, zebra, elephant, giraffe, and other species.
Nigeria is home to a wealth of biodiversity within its seven national parks.
Nigeria lies on the western part of Africa on the Gulf of Guinea. It contains several large urban centers like the capital city Abuja and is one of sub-Saharan Africa’s largest economies, relying heavily on oil as its main source of foreign exchange earnings.
South Africa is one of the world’s most diverse countries.
The Republic of South Africa is in the southernmost region of the continent. Its long coastline stretches along the South Atlantic Ocean and the Indian Ocean for more than 2,400 kilometers (1,500 miles). While its coastline is lush, the rest of its geography is vast, flat, sparsely populated, and dry. More than 1,600 kilometers (1,000 miles) south of the mainland lie the Prince Edward Islands, a small sub-Antarctic archipelago.
Balancing Mozambique’s natural beauty and natural resources.
Located on the southeast coast of Africa, the Republic of Mozambique is divided into two regions by the Zambezi River. The north features a narrow coastline, low plateaus, and rugged highlands and the south has broad lowlands. The savannah and dry woodland habitats near the border of South Africa's Kruger National Park are home to elephants, impala, duiker, springbok, kudu, and ostrich.