African Buffalo

Scientific name

Syncerus caffer


About 300 to 835 kilograms (660 to 1,840 pounds)


About 1 to 2 meters tall (4 to 5 feet)

Life span

11 to 22 years in the wild


Dense forest to open plains




11 to 12 months


Humans, lions, leopards, hyenas, African wild dogs

Global population of
There are
subspecies of African buffalo
Protected areas hold
of buffalo population
African Buffalo


African buffaloes frequently come into conflict with humans.

Outside national parks, these giants are considered crop pests and are seen as dangerous animals due to their size, aggressive nature, and formidable horns. In East Africa, they are known to break fences, raid cultivated crops, and they may even spread bovine diseases to livestock. In the past, they suffered their most dramatic population decline during the great rinderpest epidemic of the 1890s. This also coupled with pleuro-pneumonia and caused mortalities as high as 95 percent among livestock and wild buffalo.

Habitat fragmentation threatens the African buffalo.

Their habitat is threatened by fragmentation, which is caused when land is divided by unsustainable development.


Our solutions to conserving the buffalo:

Action Plan
Work with governments.

African Wildlife Foundation works with government entities to help plan and propose alternative solutions to habitat fragmentation by providing its scientists as resources to assist in proper planning to ensure a balance between growth and modernization and wildlife conservation.

Community Empowerment
Engage communities.

We work with communities to help meet their agricultural needs through proper planning and techniques for sustainable agricultural growth. By providing these resources, AWF is able to minimize land used for agriculture, thereby minimizing impact on local wildlife, while helping to minimize food security and income for people.

African Buffalo
African Buffalo


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