Baboon

Scientific name

Olive baboon (Papio anubis) Yellow baboon (Papio cynocephalus) Sacred baboon (Papio hamadryas) Chacma baboon (Papio ursinus) Guinea baboon (Papio papio)

Weight

9 to 31 kilograms (20 to 70 pounds)

Size

50 to 76 centimeters at the shoulder (20 to 30 inches)

Life span

20 to 40 years

Habitat

Savannas and woodlands

Diet

Omnivorous

Gestation

About 6 months

Predators

Humans, leopards, and cheetahs

Baboons use more than
30
distinct vocalizations
There are
5
species of baboon
Troops can have up to
300
members
Baboon

Challenges

The baboon’s major predators are humans.

Baboons are often intentionally poisoned and killed because they tend to be considered as a pest species. They are also hunted for their skins—this is more common with the sacred baboon. Use of baboons in laboratories and medical research has also increased.

Baboons are losing their homes.

Habitat loss due to overgrazing, agricultural expansion, irrigation projects, and overall human settlement growth is a threat to this species.

Solutions

Our solutions to protecting the baboon:

Community Involvement
Engage communities.

African Wildlife Foundation works with communities to develop appropriate sustainable solutions that benefit both the threatened monkey and humans. By using technology, like Geographic Information System (GIS) to identify threats, AWF can lead to more effective conservation plans. We also provide training on agricultural best practices, ensuring that communities’ agriculture activities are sustainable and more productive, thereby protecting more space for baboons.

Education
Make the connection between conservation and education.

AWF works with rural communities, living in close proximity to wildlife, to build schools in exchange for practicing conservation. In Tanzania, we rebuilt Manyara Ranch Primary School and equipped it with a full technology lab and a conservation curriculum. By working with communities to provide tangible incentives for conservation and educating future generations in conservation principles, we are able to foster a culture of conservation.

Baboon
Baboon

Habitats

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