Olive baboon (Papio anubis) Yellow baboon (Papio cynocephalus) Sacred baboon (Papio hamadryas) Chacma baboon (Papio ursinus) Guinea baboon (Papio papio)
9 to 31 kilograms (20 to 70 pounds)
50 to 76 centimeters at the shoulder (20 to 30 inches)
20 to 40 years
Savannas and woodlands
About 6 months
Humans, leopards, and cheetahs
The baboon’s major predators are humans.
Baboons are often intentionally poisoned and killed because they tend to be considered as a pest species. They are also hunted for their skins—this is more common with the sacred baboon. Use of baboons in laboratories and medical research has also increased.
Baboons are losing their homes.
Habitat loss due to overgrazing, agricultural expansion, irrigation projects, and overall human settlement growth is a threat to this species.
Our solutions to protecting the baboon:
African Wildlife Foundation works with communities to develop appropriate sustainable solutions that benefit both the threatened monkey and humans. By using technology, like Geographic Information System (GIS) to identify threats, AWF can lead to more effective conservation plans. We also provide training on agricultural best practices, ensuring that communities’ agriculture activities are sustainable and more productive, thereby protecting more space for baboons.
AWF works with rural communities, living in close proximity to wildlife, to build schools in exchange for practicing conservation. In Tanzania, we rebuilt Manyara Ranch Primary School and equipped it with a full technology lab and a conservation curriculum. By working with communities to provide tangible incentives for conservation and educating future generations in conservation principles, we are able to foster a culture of conservation.