The bushbuck relies on forest
coverage for shelter and food

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Conservation Status:

Least Threatened

  • Native to 40 African countries
  • Population of 1.3 million estimated
  • Horns begin to grow at 10 months old

Quick Facts

Scientific name

Tragelaphus scriptus


90 to 180 lb.


25 to 35 in. at the shoulder

Life span

12+ years


Deep forest




About 6 months


Leopards and humans


Where do bushbucks live?

Bushbucks are forest-edge antelopes. They live in various habitats, including rain forests, montane forests, forest-savanna mosaics, and bush savannas.

Tags: Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, DRC, Kenya, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Rwanda, South Africa, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe, East Africa, Southern Africa, West/Central Africa, Kazungula, Regional Parc W, Cameroon View Africa | Habitat

Physical Characteristics

What is a bushbuck?

Bushbucks are antelopes with geometrically shaped white patches or spots on the most mobile parts of the body—the ears, chin, tail, legs, and neck. Males have horns, which are between 10 to 20 inches long and grow straight back. At 10 months, young males sprout horns that are strongly twisted and at maturity, form the first loop of a spiral.

Behavior & Diet

If water is scarce, bushbucks can survive on dew.

Bushbucks need some water but can subsist on dew if necessary. Foods vary in different habitats, with leguminous herbs and shrubs making up most of the diet. They may also eat grass, fallen fruit, acacia pods, tubers, bark, and flowers.

They do not commit to relationships.

Bushbucks are  solitary animals. Most group associations, except for a female and her young, are  temporary. These antelopes have small home ranges, which may overlap with those of other bushbucks. Even so, there still is not much contact, as adult individuals prefer to stay by themselves in tseparate areas. Mature males usually go out of their way to avoid contact with each other. They arenot territorial but will defend an area inhabited by a female in heat.

Females go to great lengths to hide their young.

After giving birth, the mother cleans and hides the newborn calf. When she visits and suckles it, she eats its dung so no scent remains to attract predators. The young calf does not accompany its mother for long periods during the day until it is about 4 months old. A female and her calf often play together, running in circles chasing each other.

They are not confrontational.

Usually most active during early morning and part of the night, bushbucks become almost entirely nocturnal in areas where they are apt to be disturbed frequently during the day. When alarmed, individuals react in a variety of ways. If they are in forest or thick bush, they may freeze in one position and remain very still, allowing their coloring to camouflage them. Sometimes, they will sink to the ground and lie flat, or they may bound away, making a series of hoarse barks.


  • Bushbuck AWF
  • Bushbuck AWF
  • Bushbuck Daryl and Sharna Balfour
  • Bushbuck Cardo Kleberg

Habitat loss is the bushbuck’s biggest threat.

Bushbucks’ living space is decreasing as human populations grow and expand, resulting in growth of agriculture, settlements, and roads.

Humans hunt them for their hides.

Some African tribes hunt the bushbuck for its skin, which makes leather that is supple, thin, and sheds its hair easily.



Our solutions to protecting the bushbuck:

  • Develop conservation tourism.

    Develop conservation tourism. African Wildlife Foundation brings together communities and private investors to construct conservation tourism lodges like The Sanctuary at Ole Lentille in Kenya. The lodge provides sustainable income for the community, and the 20,000-acre conservancy is a safe home to a variety of wildlife.

  • Create more protected spaces.

    AWF works with governments and villages to designate wildlife corridors—large swaths of land that bushbucks use to roam freely and safely from one park, or country, to another. Corridors link protected areas and allow wildlife to follow rains or travel to their calving grounds.


Will you show the bushbuck your support?

With your help, AWF can work on critical initiatives that provide safe spaces for the bushbuck to live like setting aside land for wildlife corridors and developing conservation tourism. Donate for a cause that will help with wildlife conservation and keep the bushbuck from becoming an endangered species. 

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