Ethiopian Wolf

Scientific Name

Canis simensis

Weight

11 to 20 kilograms (24 to 42 pounds)

Size

Up to one meter in length (about 3 feet)

Lifespan

Up to 10 years

Habitat

Afro-alpine grasslands, rocky areas, and shrublands

Gestation

60 to 62 days

Predators

Humans

Found in
7
isolated enclaves
Fewer than
440
individuals remaining
Annually, only about
60%
of dominant females breed successfully
Ethiopian Wolf

Challenges

Agriculture is swallowing up wolf habitat.

Humans currently pose the largest threat to this species. Subsistence farming in Ethiopia’s highlands is overtaking large swaths of their range, restricting them to higher and higher altitudes. The overgrazing of livestock is only exacerbating this habitat loss.

Diseases are taking a toll.

Population decline of the Ethiopian wolf is increasingly being tied to diseases, particularly in the Bale Mountains. Since 2008, this population has declined by 30 percent due to consecutive epizootics of rabies and canine distemper. Rabies is a potential threat to all wolf populations, while canine distemper remains a serious concern in Bale.

Solutions

Our solutions to protecting and conserving the Ethiopian wolf:

Economic Development
Create income alternatives.

African Wildlife Foundation is working to establish new mechanisms for ensuring local communities’ livelihoods. Our Simien Mountains Cultural Tourism project is improving infrastructure and accomodations in and around the national park. Increased revenue from community-owned and-operated tourism will reduce dependence on subsistence farming, ensuring habitats stay protected.

Community Empowerment
Enlist local communities.

In the Simien Mountains and three other locations in the Ethiopian highlands AWF engages local communities as “Wolf Ambassadors” to monitor wolves, introduce a report system to understand the causes of livestock predation by carnivores, and undertake rabies vaccinations for domesticated dogs to prevent disease outbreaks from spreading to the wolves.

Ethiopian Wolf
Ethiopian Wolf

Habitats

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