Ethiopian Wolf

Scientific Name

Canis simensis


11 to 20 kilograms (24 to 42 pounds)


Up to one meter in length (about 3 feet)


Up to 10 years


Afro-alpine grasslands, rocky areas, and shrublands


60 to 62 days



Found in
isolated enclaves
Fewer than
individuals remaining
Annually, only about
of dominant females breed successfully
Ethiopian Wolf


Agriculture is swallowing up wolf habitat.

Humans currently pose the largest threat to this species. Subsistence farming in Ethiopia’s highlands is overtaking large swaths of their range, restricting them to higher and higher altitudes. The overgrazing of livestock is only exacerbating this habitat loss.

Diseases are taking a toll.

Population decline of the Ethiopian wolf is increasingly being tied to diseases, particularly in the Bale Mountains. Since 2008, this population has declined by 30 percent due to consecutive epizootics of rabies and canine distemper. Rabies is a potential threat to all wolf populations, while canine distemper remains a serious concern in Bale.


Our solutions to protecting and conserving the Ethiopian wolf:

Economic Development
Create income alternatives.

African Wildlife Foundation is working to establish new mechanisms for ensuring local communities’ livelihoods. Our Simien Mountains Cultural Tourism project is improving infrastructure and accomodations in and around the national park. Increased revenue from community-owned and-operated tourism will reduce dependence on subsistence farming, ensuring habitats stay protected.

Community Empowerment
Enlist local communities.

In the Simien Mountains and three other locations in the Ethiopian highlands AWF engages local communities as “Wolf Ambassadors” to monitor wolves, introduce a report system to understand the causes of livestock predation by carnivores, and undertake rabies vaccinations for domesticated dogs to prevent disease outbreaks from spreading to the wolves.

Ethiopian Wolf
Ethiopian Wolf


Our Call

Stop poachers with 2X the impact

Wildlife and lands are in danger. Your gift will be doubled by Actor & Animal Advocate Candice Bergen to save them.

Our Call

Our Work Never Stops

Learn how we're protecting Africa's species each and every day so we never have to live in a world without elephants, rhinos, and other precious wildlife.