Hyena

Scientific name

Crocuta crocuta (spotted hyena), Hyaena hyaena (striped hyena), Parahyaena brunnea (brown hyena)

Weight

About 35 to 80 kilograms (77 to to 176 pounds)

Size

95 to 150 centimeters in length (37 to 60 inches); 75 to 85 centimeters at the shoulder (30 to 33 inches)

Life span

Up to 20 years in the wild and 25 years in captivity

Habitat

Savannas, grasslands, woodlands, forest edges, sub deserts and mountains up to 4,000 meters (13,000 feet)

Diet

Carnivorous

Gestation

90 to 110 days

Predators

Humans

There are
3
subspecies of hyena
Snares kill about
400
adults per year
Clans can grow to
80
individuals
Hyena

Challenges

Human-wildlife conflict is a major threat to hyenas.

Like many carnivores, hyenas come into conflict with humans when they prey on livestock. They are often seen as a pest species, which often results in retaliatory killings by farmers — especially by poisoning.

Humans are encroaching on hyenas’ habitats. 

As human populations expand and growth of agriculture, settlements, and roads results, wildlife is losing space in which it was previously able to roam freely.

Solutions

Our solutions to protecting the hyena:

Research
Employ scientific research.

African Wildlife Foundation’s researchers are working to gain an understanding of large carnivores’ — including hyenas’ — populations, behaviors, movements, and interactions with people to develop appropriate conservation actions. Since 2002, our Large Carnivore Research Project has undertaken research aimed at ensuring the continued survival of large predators living around Botswana, Namibia, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.

Community Empowerment
Proactively mitigate human-wildlife conflict.

Retaliation is the primary reason for hyena killings. We work with communities to help them construct bomas — livestock enclosures — that protect livestock from predators and ultimately mitigates human-wildlife conflict.

Hyena
Hyena

Habitats

Our Call

Stop poachers with 2X the impact

Wildlife and lands are in danger. Your gift will be doubled by Actor & Animal Advocate Candice Bergen to save them.

Our Call

Our Work Never Stops

Learn how we're protecting Africa's species each and every day so we never have to live in a world without elephants, rhinos, and other precious wildlife.