Quick Facts:


79,938,000 hectares (799,380 sq. km) (308,642 sq. mi)

Key Landmarks
Key Landmarks

Lake Malawai
Niassa Reserve
Cahora Bassa Dam


Black rhinoceros, cheetah, wild dog, african elephant, lion


29,668,834 (2017)


Balancing Mozambique’s natural beauty and natural resources.

Located on the southeast coast of Africa, the Republic of Mozambique is divided into two regions by the Zambezi River. The north features a narrow coastline, low plateaus, and rugged highlands and the south has broad lowlands. The savannah and dry woodland habitats near the border of South Africa's Kruger National Park are home to elephants, impala, duiker, springbok, kudu, and ostrich. Nearby, Banhine National Park is an important source of water in an overall arid area that is a sanctuary to wattled cranes and a wide variety of migratory birds as well as the killifish, a highly localized fish species of high ornamental value.

Filled with rich and extensive natural resources, Mozambique has enjoyed a growing economy based on agriculture, food and beverage processing, aluminum production, petroleum production, and chemical manufacturing. More than 75 percent of Mozambicans do small-scale farming. In 2012, large natural gas reserves were found, which could have a huge impact on the economy. Although its economy continues to grow, Mozambique remains one of the poorest countries in the world.

The return of peace brings the opportunity to safeguard a rich diversity of wildlife.

Mozambique’s government realizes actions speak louder than words and is undertaking large conservation efforts both on land and water. Mozambique is now committed to protecting areas like Quirimbas National Park, Bazaruto National Park, and Lake Niassa Reserve. In 2012, it also created the largest coastal/marine reserve in Africa with the Primeiras and Segundas Archipelago Environmental Protection Area, an archipelago chain of ten islands that feature some of Africa’s most flourishing marine life and coral reefs.


Our solutions to protecting Mozambique's unique biodiversity:

In the Field
African Wildlife Foundation’s Canines for Conservation program will curb corruption in Mozambique.

Due to the lethal combination of corruption in law enforcement and lax regulations, the poaching crisis in Mozambique continues unabated. In partnership with Peace Parks Foundation, AWF’s Canines for Conservation will be deployed at strategic transit sites and major trafficking hubs throughout Mozambique to curb poaching of rhinos, elephants, and other iconic species. Canines are a proven tactic in deterring the ruthless and bloody wildlife trade.

Conservation of wildlife and wildlands opens new economic opportunities for communities.

AWF and the Mozambique Ministry of Tourism signed a historic agreement to solidify and formalize their longstanding partnership to restore the country’s once-abundant and flourishing wildlife by developing new tourism revenues for local communities.