Zambezi Elephant Conservation

Descriptions & Plan

Elephants don’t know borders.

Elephant populations in Southern Africa roam freely across many countries, seeking food, water, and suitable habitat. As a result, monitoring, protecting, and securing habitats for elephant herds is particularly difficult.

Creating an elephant management strategy.

To answer the call of 40,000 elephants across three countries, and with funding from the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and other donor partners, African Wildlife Foundation has brought together all stakeholders in Mozambique, Zambia, and Zimbabwe to develop a Heartland-wide management strategy for the elephants.

In 2003, AWF completed the first-ever coordinated, cross-country aerial survey in this landscape. AWF’s conservation work in the Zambezi Heartland landscape was then adjusted to more appropriately focus on securing additional habitat for elephants and other large herbivores. These plans designate zones for wildlife movement corridors, biodiversity conservation/wilderness areas, agriculture and human settlement, tourism development, and fishing and nonfishing.