Restoring Ecosystems & Managing Landscapes

To stop and reverse habitat loss, we work with protected-area authorities to strengthen their management of protected areas by equipping them with equipment, tools, and training in best practices. We also help to establish and support the management of community conservancies and community forests. Many of these community conservation areas protect wildlife corridors—natural areas that allow wildlife to travel from one habitat to another—which are crucial for seasonal wildlife movement or adapting to the effects of climate change. Creating these areas involves participatory, inclusive land-use planning, robust local governance, and sustainable and prosperous community livelihoods strategies. The end results are intact ecosystems that can provide essential ecosystem services and are more resilient to climate change. 

How we restored a wildlife corridor
A vehicle is parked near a pod of elephants.

Easing human-wildlife conflict

Wild animals can destroy a whole season’s crops in one visit and even cause loss of life. To help farming families prevent crop raids, our team provides awareness training and demonstrates an arsenal of humane but effective tools—pressure horns, flashlights, chili bombs, beehive fences, and more.

Learn about beehive fences
beehive fencing

Collaborating on anti-poaching

To support governments in combating transboundary poaching, we have facilitated cross-border coordination among anti-poaching forces. Ranger teams from Tanzania and Kenya participate in concurrent patrols guided by intelligence information. With more robust sharing of information and tactics, forces are more effective at targeting and deterring illegal activity. In 2022, we opened a canine facility in Mkomazi National Park, where we have established a tracker-dog unit that investigates and deters poaching.

Read about cross-border security
Ranger team

Improving wildlife crime enforcement

We strengthen the work of law enforcement agencies through training in emerging wildlife-crime trends, proper evidence handling, financial crimes, digital forensics, and other topics. We also monitor court cases in the cross-boundary Tsavo-Mkomazi landscape to address logistical and other challenges that can stymie the progress of a case.

Learn more about court monitoring
law enforcement training

Agricultural solutions that work for nature

In Kilombero Valley, AWF partners with local communities and commercial agricultural producers in the Southern Agriculture Growth Corridor of Tanzania. We help communities with land-use planning; expand farmers’ use of ecologically and economically viable production technologies while improving water quality and catchment management; improve farmers’ access to financial institutions and markets; and help families diversify incomes to develop resilience to climate change’s impacts.

community farm

A resurgence of wildlife in Manyara Ranch

The Manyara Ranch Conservancy serves as a vital corridor between Lake Manyara National Park and Tarangire National Park and is also an important giraffe nursery. When we started working in this landscape in 2014, it was ravaged by overgrazing and poaching. Through our efforts, it’s become a thriving habitat for elephants, giraffes, and other species. Today, the Ranch is a model mixed-use conservancy that maintains a herd of more than 800 Boran cattle—a use that supports conservation activities as well as the Ranch’s outreach to local Maasai herders.

Read about the ranch restoration