Short rainy season proves disastrous for local fauna.
In Regional Parc W, 80% of the more than 30 water points are completely dry by March or April. The regular dry season in this region is difficult on wildlife but expected and a part of the natural balance in the ecosystem. In 2011, however, and unseasonably short rainy season threatened wildlife and prompted park authorities to worry that vital water sources would dry up long before the next rainy season began.
Kenyan wildlife is diverse but threatened.
Kenya is home to some of Africa’s most diverse ecosystems and identifiable species. Lush savanna landscapes play host to the African wild dog, leopard, hyena, Grevy’s zebra, and kudu, among other wildlife, but, unfortunately, these species and their homes are under constant threat from deforestation, poaching, and unsustainable agricultural practices.
Livestock is a vital livelihood for people in West Africa. So is farming.
As competition over land and natural resources grows, pressure on protected areas and biodiversity increases. People in the Regional Parc W Heartland tend to earn a living through farming or cattle herding. Unfortunately, there is limited available land, resulting in competition for land between farmers and pastoralists.
Meanwhile, poor land management and farming techniques can lead to the rapid degradation of land and the destruction of key habitats.
Human expansion is threatening wildlife outside of Nairobi, Kenya.
For many years, local Maasai communities, their livestock, and wildlife comfortably shared the open grasslands surrounding Nairobi National Park in Kenya. But, as competition for land and water increased, more farmers started selling off segments of their land for development. As crop farming and fenced-off plots have increased, the once-open landscape near Kenya’s capital has become increasingly fragmented.