Short rainy season proves disastrous for local fauna.
In Regional Parc W, 80% of the more than 30 water points are completely dry by March or April. The regular dry season in this region is difficult on wildlife but expected and a part of the natural balance in the ecosystem. In 2011, however, and unseasonably short rainy season threatened wildlife and prompted park authorities to worry that vital water sources would dry up long before the next rainy season began.
Livestock is a vital livelihood for people in West Africa. So is farming.
As competition over land and natural resources grows, pressure on protected areas and biodiversity increases. People in the Regional Parc W Heartland tend to earn a living through farming or cattle herding. Unfortunately, there is limited available land, resulting in competition for land between farmers and pastoralists.
Meanwhile, poor land management and farming techniques can lead to the rapid degradation of land and the destruction of key habitats.
Human expansion is threatening wildlife outside of Nairobi, Kenya.
For many years, local Maasai communities, their livestock, and wildlife comfortably shared the open grasslands surrounding Nairobi National Park in Kenya. But, as competition for land and water increased, more farmers started selling off segments of their land for development. As crop farming and fenced-off plots have increased, the once-open landscape near Kenya’s capital has become increasingly fragmented.
A third of Tanzania is protected.
From its stunning Indian Ocean beaches to the shores of Lake Victoria, from the arable plains of its central plateau to the heights of Mt. Kilimanjaro, Tanzania is a jewel of East Africa. It is the largest country in the region, formed in 1964 by the union of Tanganyika and Zanzibar. Among Tanzania’s neighbors are Kenya to the north and Mozambique to the south, with multiple landlocked nations to its west relying on it for access to the coast.
Over half of Botswana is covered by the Kalahari Desert, yet it’s one of the world’s fastest-growing economies.
The Republic of Botswana may be one of the world’s most sparsely populated countries, but it also happens to be one of the world’s fastest-growing economies. Over the years, it has transformed into a middle-income country with a competitive banking system and a growing mineral industry that accounts for about 40 percent of its GDP.