A national park too small to house African wildlife.
Chobe National Park in Northern Botswana is densely populated by wildlife and boasts a large elephant population. Unfortunately, the park itself cannot provide sufficient room for all of its animal residents to roam comfortably. As a result, animals often stray beyond the borders of the park, making them vulnerable to poaching.
Elephants don’t know borders.
Elephant populations in Southern Africa roam freely across many countries, seeking food, water, and suitable habitat. As a result, monitoring, protecting, and securing habitats for elephant herds is particularly difficult.
Agriculture and population growth threaten wildlife in Zambia.
Historically, wildlife roamed freely around the Sekute Chiefdom in southern Zambia. But, in recent years, human population growth, agricultural enterprise, and tourism-related development have threatened these critically important wildlife dispersal corridors.
Even protected areas are not completely safe from poaching.
Hluhluwe iMfolozi Park, in South Africa, is one of the flagship protected areas of the Ezemvelo KwaZulu–Natal Wildlife, the provincial nature conservation authority for the KwaZulu–Natal Province. The park was founded specifically to protect the world’s remaining populations of white rhino.
Overfishing threatens people and wildlife along the Zambezi River.
The Zambezi river is home to more than 200 different species of fish, all of which contribute to the health of the local ecosystem. Unfortunately, rapid human settlement, pollution, and overfishing have taken a toll on biodiversity, leaving the ecosystem unbalanced and locals without a source of food or income.
A need to protect Africa’s largest elephant population.
The Kazungula District of Zambia, the location of the Sekute Chiefdom, lies close to the borders of Zimbabwe, Botswana, and Namibia. Elephants and other wildlife regularly move between these countries to access various habitats.
Over time, human settlements have obstructed critical wildlife corridors connecting protected areas, and the close proximity of wildlife to people has resulted in increased human-wildlife conflict.
Education remains one of the major challenges facing Africa.
In the Sekute community of Zambia, students often had to walk miles a day to attend school. Classes were held in a ramshackle, local school made of mud that could only house 50 students. It is little wonder then, that in this chiefdom, illiteracy was at 80%.
Lupani school answers the call.
Officially opened February 11, 2011, the Lupani Primary School replaced the formerly dilapidated structure with a modern facility that includes six classrooms, several offices, and five houses for teachers.
Little is known about the leopard’s conservation status.
Leopards are solitary, nocturnal creatures that prefer to live in dense bush where their camouflage helps them to hide effectively. It is for these reasons, perhaps, that there is little information available regarding leopard populations and their current conservation status.
Namibia still faces eco-challenges.
Despite being at the forefront of conservation in Africa, Namibia still faces issues of poverty and habitat loss. Human-wildlife conflict still poses issues, and too often, communities do not see the benefits of the tourism businesses in their region.
More than 75% of the world’s rhino population lives in South Africa.
Black rhinos are classified as critically endangered by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List, with the western black rhinoceros declared officially extinct by the IUCN in 2011. Habitat loss and human encroachment only account for a fraction of the decline in rhino population. Instead, poaching remains the biggest threat to the continued survival of this charismatic species.