Short rainy season proves disastrous for local fauna.
In Regional Parc W, 80% of the more than 30 water points are completely dry by March or April. The regular dry season in this region is difficult on wildlife but expected and a part of the natural balance in the ecosystem. In 2011, however, and unseasonably short rainy season threatened wildlife and prompted park authorities to worry that vital water sources would dry up long before the next rainy season began.
Kenya’s ecological health is in danger.
The ecological health of the Mau Forest Complex in Kenya’s Rift Valley region is in imminent danger. Deforestation and industrial encroachment have destroyed large tracts of this important ecosystem, while years of indiscriminate forest clearing and settlement have taken their toll. This 40,000-hectare forest is East Africa’s largest closed-canopy forest ecosystem and serves the important purpose of storing rainwater during wet months and releasing it during dry periods.
Livestock is a vital livelihood for people in West Africa. So is farming.
As competition over land and natural resources grows, pressure on protected areas and biodiversity increases. People in the Regional Parc W Heartland tend to earn a living through farming or cattle herding. Unfortunately, there is limited available land, resulting in competition for land between farmers and pastoralists.
Meanwhile, poor land management and farming techniques can lead to the rapid degradation of land and the destruction of key habitats.