3 reasons to celebrate World Wildlife Day in 2022
About the Author
Harleen Sehmi is the Senior Digital Content Officer at African Wildlife Foundation. She develops articles for AWF’s website and publications, connecting audiences all over the world with the organization's work in diverse landscapes and showcasing the impact of community-centered conservation.& ... More
There are more than 8,000 critically endangered plant and animal species in the wild. Estimates of endangered or vulnerable wildlife on the International Union for Conservation of Nature’s Red List of Threatened Species are equally alarming — over 30,000 flora and fauna species are inching closer to extinction. Celebrating World Wildlife Day this year reconnects us to nature and reminds us what is at stake.
Known officially as U.N. World Wildlife Day, the occasion commemorates the anniversary of the opening of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (or CITES) for signature as a multilateral agreement on March 3, 1973.
This year, the theme of World Wildlife Day is ‘Recovering key species for ecosystem recovery,’ signaling the importance of wild plants and animals in maintaining the vast natural environments that provide water, nourishment, and livelihoods across the planet.
In Africa in the last five decades, some keystone wildlife species have dwindled perilously, with remaining populations becoming fragmented or extinct in the wild. Other African wildlife like the mountain gorilla has steadily increased thanks to intensive conservation efforts in their forest habitats in Rwanda, Uganda, and the Democratic Republic of Congo. However, the fate of species like the northern white rhino is uncertain with the death of Sudan, the last male of the rhino subspecies in 2018. While the two surviving females remain under high-security, 24-hour surveillance in Kenya’s Ol Pejeta Conservancy, a team of scientists is trying to develop embryos from harvested eggs and sperms from the last individuals of the species historically found across East and Central Africa.
Kenya launches a new strategy to save its white rhinos
On March 3, 2022, the Kenya Wildlife Service, with support from the Kenya government and organizations like African Wildlife Foundation, is setting in motion a new conservation management plan to recover the country’s southern white rhino populations — another reason to celebrate World Wildlife Day.
Both southern white rhinos and black rhinos are found in Kenya. According to historical data from Kenya Wildlife Service, the black rhino population in Kenya surpassed 20,000 in the 1970s, but intense pressure from poaching in the following years drastically reduced numbers to a mere 400 in 1987. Recovering this critically endangered keystone species has been a priority for Kenya, which recognizes the immense ecological value of rhinos and sees the rhino species as an emblem of the country’s spectacular offering for wildlife-based tourism. The recovery of the southern white rhino across the continent since the poaching crisis of the 1970-80s is considered a conservation success story. Although South Africa boasts the greatest population (over 18,000 now from roughly 200 in the 1990s), rhino range states like Kenya have played an important role in the southern white rhino’s comeback. Located in national protected areas as well as wildlife conservancies, southern white rhinos in Kenya are also benefiting from the country’s strong wildlife law enforcement policies.
In addition to continuing robust anti-poaching measures, the objectives of the Kenya Wildlife Service’s White Rhino Conservation & Management Plan are centered around maintaining genetically healthy southern white rhino populations with improved monitoring, financing, and multi-stakeholder engagement. Prior to the launch of the action plan on World Wildlife Day, AWF has collaborated with the wildlife authority and other conservation organizations to assess the conservation status of the species while providing funding for critical activities. AWF Vice President, Species Conservation and Science, Dr Philip Muruthi and Species Protection Manager Nathan Gichohi provided technical expertise during site visits to rhino conservation areas and assisted in writing and compiling the action plan. Speaking at the launch event on World Wildlife Day, Cabinet Secretary of the Ministry of Tourism and Wildlife Najib Balala and KWS leadership lauded AWF and partner organizations for contributing to the action plan and thereby supporting the conservation and habitat management of southern white rhinos in Kenya.
AWF and Nature’s Best Photography open submissions for the Mkapa awards
World Wildlife Day 2022 also marks the official call for entries to the second Benjamin Mkapa African Wildlife Photography Awards. From March 3 up to June 1, 2022, photographers of various expertise levels and ages — there is a category for young people under 18 — can submit their wildlife photography to this exciting global competition designed to share the message of wildlife conservation in Africa far and wide.
Named after H.E. Benjamin Mkapa in honor of his lifelong commitment to conservation education, the inaugural photography contest in 2021 attracted 9,000 entries from 50 countries. Last October, as AWF celebrated 60 years since its establishment, the first-ever recipients of the Mkapa awards were announced. The exhibition at the Nairobi National Museum displaying the winning photography was open to the public and will be installed in Rwanda and Zimbabwe in the coming months. As in 2021, this year’s winners will also receive cash prizes and traditional sculptures in recognition of their achievement, in addition to being featured in Nature’s Best Photography Magazine’s special edition.