Rich biodiversity earned it the nickname “Africa in miniature.”
Cameroon has often been called “Africa in miniature” for how much it mirrors the continent’s diversity. Like the continent it calls home, Cameroon boasts a coastline, mountains, savanna, desert, and tropical rainforests.
Its 22 million hectares of tropical forests are a vital part of the Congo Basin forest ecosystem. These forests provide a source of livelihoods for communities and habitat for over 9,000 plant species, about 900 bird species, and roughly 320 mammals — including the critically endangered western lowland gorilla and the endangered chimpanzee. The northern province in Cameroon, Bénoué, hosts the largest hippo population in the entire West-Central region of Africa.
In addition to astonishing landscapes and wildlife, Cameroon has favorable agricultural conditions; and despite growing markets in the economy, the majority of the population practices subsistence farming.
Oil resources are abundant in Cameroon, making its GDP one of the highest in sub-Saharan Africa — aluminum, raw and roasted cocoa beans, raw cotton, and gold are some of its other major exported goods.