Where We Work:


The Tsavo-Mkomazi landscape straddles the boundary between Kenya and Tanzania. It is one of the world’s largest protected areas, home to more than a third of Kenya’s elephants and nearly a fifth of its black rhinos. Stresses include infrastructure development, climate change impacts, and freshwater availability.

Our holistic approach includes the following activities:

  • Partnering with communities through collaborative land-use planning, alternative livelihood development, and youth and education programs
  • Reducing human-wildlife conflict
  • Strengthening park rangers’ eco-monitoring and data collection
  • Providing counter-wildlife-trafficking support, including judicial and prosecutorial training
  • Supporting cross-border anti-poaching collaboration

These comprehensive strategies prioritize the protection of elephants, giraffes, rhinos, and lions—work that benefits other species as well and safeguards natural resources for current and future generations.

Tsavo-Mkomazi Chyulu Hills Lumo Conservancy Tsavo East Tsavo West Taita Hills Sanctuary
National Park
Other State Protected Area
Community Conservation Area

AWF in Action

Human-wildlife Conflict

When wildlife wander into human spaces, they can threaten crops, livestock, and people’s lives. In response to these threats, we deploy a holistic approach to human-wildlife conflict management based on local conditions. We work closely with communities, scientists, and wildlife authorities to provide resources and tools that monitor, predict, prevent, and mitigate unwanted encounters between wildlife and people. 


Using GPS technology to prevent human-wildlife conflict

We work with the Kenya Wildlife Service to fit lions with GPS collars in Tsavo-Mkomazi. Real-time lion locations help community members, especially herders, avoid lion encounters and keep themselves and their livestock secure.

Watch: How to collar a lion

Deterring elephants from raiding crops

We implement various tactics to reduce conflict between humans and elephants. Mapping elephant corridors helps farmers plant outside migration paths and thus avoid crop damage. We also introduce solutions such as beehive fences, which stop visiting elephants and also give farmers a new revenue source—eco-friendly honey and beeswax.

Learn why bees and farmers get along
beehive fencing

Anti-poaching collaborations

We train and support community scouts and anti-poaching teams from Tsavo West National Park, Mkomazi National Park, and the Tanzania Wildlife Management Authority. Rangers and scouts conduct joint and concurrent patrols along the border, guided by GIS-based tools we’ve supplied. With better information-sharing, patrolling rangers and scouts are more effective at targeting and deterring illegal activity.

Learn more
Ranger team

Making wildlife laws count

We work with government partners to help ensure wildlife crime is appropriately prosecuted. Efforts include an innovative court-monitoring program, in which we provide logistical and technical support to often overburdened prosecutors, preventing wildlife cases from slipping through the cracks. We also support ranger forces through training in wildlife law, crime investigation, and evidence handling and storage.

Learn why this training matters
Prosecutorial training

Implementing a holistic giraffe conservation strategy

In one of the Maasai giraffe’s last strongholds, we are implementing a science-based conservation action plan to support giraffe populations and benefit communities.

Learn more about threats to giraffes

Countering habitat degradation

The demand for firewood, agricultural land, and pasture for livestock threatens this landscape, which includes densely forested hills and rangelands. We work with community conservancies and group ranches to restore forests and lands that are home to elephants, lions, buffalo, leopards, wild dogs, and other species.

Read about our strategies
Tsavo landscape

We work for the people and wildlife of Kenya and Tanzania. Our strategic, implementing, and funding partners include:

Tui Care Foundation

Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida)

Ministry of Education — Kenya

The County Government of Taita Taveta

Wildlife Research and Training Institute

Communities in the Tsavo-Mkomazi landscape

Wildlife We Are Protecting

By the Numbers

community icon

3,500+ Farmers, scouts, and rangers trained and equipped with tools and knowledge to prevent and mitigate human-wildlife conflict

scouts icon

244 Wildlife crime cases involving 593 suspects monitored in Tsavo

Book icon

1,658 Students educated about wildlife conservation through outreach activities