Gray countries with texture denote areas of future engagement.


Where wildlife and agriculture meet

  • Spread the word



  • Quick Facts:


    6,008,585 hectares (23,000 sq. mi.)

  • Key Landmarks

    1. Kitulo National Park
    2. Ruaha National Park
    3. Katavi National Park
    4. Selous Game Reserve


Of Tanzania’s 46 million people, close to 85% is rural and relies on agriculture as its primary income. The majority of agriculture here is subsistence-based, with farmers earning less than US$1/day. The Ruaha area will intersect with an agriculture corridor that the Tanzanian government wants to develop in Southern Tanzania. The proposed corridor will overlap many different ecosystems, possibly undermining their ecological integrity and impacting wildlife areas.   

Tags: Tanzania, East Africa


Farming without forethought sows degradation.

The government’s proposed Southern Agricultural Growth Corridor of Tanzania seeks to bring more land under profitable cultivation. But, if ecosystems and natural resources are undermined in the process, this could spell disaster for wildlife. Degradation of natural resources could also threaten the long-term viability of planned agriculture corridors.   

Small farmers living on less than a dollar a day.

With little access to capital, technology, markets, and knowledge of sustainable agricultural practices, small-farm holders engage in subsistence agriculture. This often puts pressure on surrounding natural resources and keeps local communities mired in poverty.


Our solutions to the challenges in the Ruaha landscape:

  • Farm with benefits.

    Working with partners and other stakeholders, African Wildlife Foundation is helping implement smart land-use planning throughout the agricultural corridor so that natural resources and ecosystems remain protected, thus ensuring long-term benefits to both wildlife and people.

  • Break the cycle of poverty.

    Through the government’s agricultural corridor initiative, AWF and its partners will train small-farm holders in sustainable agricultural practices that increase their yield while decreasing the pressure they place on ecosystems. AWF will also help small-farm holders access capital, new technology, and new markets for their products, thereby breaking the cycle of poverty.

  • Provide social impact investing.

    AWF is scaling up social venture capital investments through its subsidiary, African Wildlife Capital (AWC), which invests in socially and environmentally responsible agricultural and other businesses—such as the Rungwe Avocado Co. near Kitulo National Park—that must comply with conservation covenants to secure and maintain investment. These AWC-invested businesses not only aim to benefit wildlife, but also benefit small-farm holders.


Explore some of our related projects. 

  • Rungwe Avocado Company Caroline Schmidt
    Rungwe Avocado Company
    Environmentally sustainable agriculture in Tanzania

    The southern highlands of Tanzania are an invaluable ecosystem—but may also prove fertile grounds for agriculture.

    This region features the largest and most important...

    Read more
    All Projects

  • Lion protected by the Ruaha Carnivore Project
    Ruaha Carnivore Project
    Creating common ground for communities and carnivores

    A critical location for Africa’s top predators.

    Across the continent, Africa’s large carnivores are facing an uncertain future. Lions, cheetahs and African wild dogs have all disappeared...

    Read more
    All Projects

Get Involved

Become a member

Join African Wildlife Foundation as a member for just $25. Your partnership is vital to our mission to protect Africa’s most precious - and imperiled - creatures.

Join Now

  • Spread the word